You can deadhead bird of paradise blooms when the vibrant colorful “plumes” and blue beak-like leaf turn brown. Indirect sunlight during the middle of the day is best. What are the best ways to increase humidity levels to keep your crane lilies happy? It is sometimes referred to as the Crane plant due to the flowers looking like the feathers on the head of a crane. Strelitzia juncea leaves (mature on left, immature on right). White bird of paradise (Strelitzia nicolai)—A stunning example of a tall indoor house plant with white and blue flowers. Heliconia alba (basionym), Heliconia augusta, Strelitzia alba subsp. Although they will grow in average household humidity, upping moisture levels will bring out the best in the plant. S. reginae is very well known, and arguably the most common species (picture above). RUSH-LEAVED Strelitzia juncea. They work well in massed plantings or as specimen plants, and their flowers will rise above the foliage for an impressive display. They don’t survive frost well, and too much cold can kill the plants. Small-leafed strelitzia (Strelitzia x parvifolia): similar to S. reginae discussed here, but leaf blades only 15cm or so long by 5cm wide. These flowering plants are native to South Africa, where they are also called crane flowers. Other reasons for curling leaves include: Discolored leaves that are brown and with crispy patches could be due to a lack of moisture or a buildup of mineral salts. Otherwise, if you water too much, you risk root rot. Strelitzia reginae is a native to the eastern coastlines of southern Africa, where it grows wild in patches that are sometimes miles across. Success rate is about 95%, and most plants flower within 9 months. (middle) A narrower-leaved version, folded in a bit due to the dry climate. All plants in the genus Strelitzia—birds of paradise and crane lilies—are toxic. First year it grew rapidly with 6 leafs, this year I transplanted to bigger pot and just 1 new leaf appeared. Crane flower plants grow best when the potting soil is never allowed to get soggy or waterlogged. Use all-purpose houseplant fertilizer diluted to half-strength. (right, or below) Close-up of Strelitzia reginae leaf.. Strelitzia nicolai leaves. With strong flower shafts producing the infamously tropical orange and blue bird shaped flower. Bloom Time: Late fall through late spring. Although the plants will grow in low light or shade, they need plenty of bright light most of the day to achieve their best. Indigenous. Drought Tolerant Leafless Bird of Paradise is so called due to the reed like foliage. I do have "Strelitzia Reginae" and they are doing great in our climate but I never actually germinated the seeds. To flush the potting mix, take your crane lily in its pot to the bath. Strelitzia reginae was introduced in England in 1733 and was named after Queen Sophia Charlotte, the wife of George III of England. All Strelitzia plants need regular watering to keep the soil moist. Fertilise your Strelitzia in spring and autumn with a general purpose fertiliser like Ferticote. Slow growing but spectacular. The Strelitzia reginaedoes well with regular watering. Feed once a month to help your plant grow well and flower. Rather than sticking to a set schedule for watering, use the soil condition as a gauge. Pests rarely affect Strelitzia plants. If you care for the plants well, you may even get white or orange bird of paradise flowers when growing indoors. It is easy to tell if the soil is too compact—pour water through the potting medium and if it sits on top, you’ll have to aerate the soil better. Although the crane flowers can be hardy down to 60°F (15°C), anything below that will damage the plant. Strelitzia juncea. Water Strelitzias when the top one-inch (2.5 cm) of soil is dry. These are Strelitzia reginae and Strelitzia nicolai. Only remove the stems of Strelitzia bird of paradise that are brown or have died. Bird of paradise plant leaves curling is a classic sign of being thirsty. You can avoid this by not allowing the soil to get too soggy and making sure there’s enough airflow around the leaves. S. parvifolia): similar to S. reginae when young, but as they mature the leaf paddle reduces down to only 6cm or so long and 4cm wide. Here’s how: Birds of paradise are vigorous growers and need regular feeding during the growing season. A common disease to affect birds of paradise is the gray mold fungal infection Botrytis cinerea. When growing Strelitzia plants indoors, the leaves can often tell you much about the plant’s health. HAWAIIAN HIBISCUS Hibiscus cv. With strong flower shafts producing the infamously tropical orange and blue bird shaped flower. Strelitzia reginae is not hardy and requires a minimum winter night temperature of 10-12°C (50-54°F) They also prefer a humid atmosphere, which is why they tend to thrive and flower well in conservatories and glasshouses. Whether you have a crane lily (Strelitzia reginae) or a white bird of paradise (Strelitzia nicolai) growing indoors, the care requirements are all the same. Allow about a 1.5m diameter for both. However, the varieties that grow well indoors are shorter, reaching six or seven feet (1.8 – 2.1 m). SWAN NECK AGAVE Agave attenuate. Pests and diseases. Slowly run water through the soil for two to three minutes. They can be moved outside in the summer, and in warmer climes, will thrive for half the year outside. Bird of paradise (Strelitzia reginae) is an evergreen plant native to South Africa. In summer, avoid the plant pot standing in cold drafts—airflow from the air conditioning system or open windows or doors. Strelitzia juncea will reach about 1.5m to 2m. From the five species of Strelitzia, two are popular houseplants. Rush-leaved strelitzia (Strelitzia juncea syn. African desert banana (Strelitzia juncea)—Native to South Africa, this drought-resistant plant has orange flowers that are typical of birds of paradise plants. Suggested uses. Bird of Paradise is easier to grow than many tropical plants. – See more at: How to Grow and Care for Bird of Paradise Flower. All plants are grown by propagating divisions from large excavated clumps. The plant pot should be in a sunny location. The flowers on bird of paradise plants are the unique feature. Moderate Watering. juncea, Strelitzia teretifolia, Color: Orange and blue 3. It is a small plant by any measure. Semi Frost Hardy – Is Able to Survive Moderately Low Temperatures. If you decide to move your bird of paradise plant outdoors during the summer to a patio, balcony, or deck, follow the same care instructions for light. The Bird of Paradise (Strelitzia) is a stunning exotic tropical plant with distinct flowers and leaves like a banana plant. S. juncea; S. nicolai; S. caudata; Strelizia reginae subsp. Infestation of plant-sucking insects such as thrip, mites, or scale. Wait until all the water has completely drained. Thoroughly water your plant so that moisture gets to the roots. Pruning Strelitzia. Ingesting parts of the plant can cause irritation, vomiting, or drowsiness. Peperomia Plants (Radiator Plants): Care, Types, Toxicity and More, Anthurium Clarinervium Care: How to Grow Velvet Cardboard Anthurium, Rhaphidophora Tetrasperma: Care, Plant Profile and Growing Guide, Coleus Care: How to Grow Colorful Coleus Plant Indoors and Outdoors, Bird of Paradise (Strelitzia) Care: How to Grow Bird of Paradise Plant Indoors (With Pictures), Unusual, Cool and Unique Plants With Weird Flowers, The Best Shower Plants to Keep in Your Bathroom. If the pot is big enough It can grow to 2 m / 6.6 ft tall, with large, tough banana like leaves 25–70cm / 9.8–28in long. I got Strelitzia reginae which grows way way faster. The closer you can replicate its native environment with light, heat, and moisture, the higher the chance you have of getting bird of paradise plants to bloom. The plant has reed-shaped leaves which are not banana-like. Strelitzia juncea - rush-leaf bird of paradise. It is a beautiful plant and can be very successfully grown inside. Under-watering your plant and dry soil can starve the plant of nutrients that result in yellowing leaves. The leaves, lacking a leaf blade, are cylindrical, stiff and upright. Drought Tolerant Leafless Bird of Paradise is so called due to the reed like foliage. Just make sure to bring them indoors when the temperature drops below 60°F (15°C) at night. The ideal temperature range is between 65°F and 80°F (18°C – 26°C). Overall plant height 12 cm. When propagating, remember that Strelitzia plants prefer growing in clumps—bushy plants produce the most orange or white flowers. Stagnant air isn’t suitable for most houseplants—and birds of paradise are no exception. Strelitzia juncea is a striking feature plant with upright cylindrical leaves without a leaf blade, growing from 1 to 2 m in height and producing large orange or yellow flowers borne on long, cylindrical scapes. Bird of paradise plants need at least six hours of bright light and some direct sunlight daily to flourish. BIRD OF PARADISE Strelitzia reginae. Choose a 10-inch (25 cm) pot for a bird-of-paradise plant that is three to four feet (0.9 – 1.2 m) tall. Birds of paradise need regular watering to keep the soil moist. Try moving the plant to a brighter location where it gets some direct sunlight every day. Here are three ways to look after tropical, exotic houseplants: As well as humidifying your tropical houseplants, you should ensure that there is plenty of airflow. Choose a location with bright light throughout the day with direct sunlight in the morning and late afternoon. To successfully grow a bird of paradise inside in containers, you should mimic its natural growing conditions—bright light, warmth, and humidity. Growth turned to extrealy slow. Strelitzia juncea (Narrow-leafed Bird of Paradise) - This evergreen perennial slowly forms ever larger clumps of rhizomes from which emerge 4 to 5 foot long bluish-green narrow stalks which are actually leafless petioles - dramatically different from other Strelitzia because these stalks lack the expanded leaf at the end of the petiole. They typically flower in the late winter or early spring, but under optimal conditions, they will flower at various times. Narrow-leafed Bird of Paradise, Rush-leaved Strelitzia, Bird of Paradise, Crane Flower, Strelitzia parvifolia var. Juncea Leafless – RARE! Pot in a 14-inch (35 cm) container when your. Repotting . All species of Strelitzia will develop large tuberous root systems that'll invade the pot within half a year. From late fall through late spring appear orange and blue flowers that rise from reed-like, grayish leaf stalks that can reach up to 6 feet (1.8 m) tall. September 17, 2016 at 1:42 AM The most critical care factor is that they don’t “stand” in wet, damp soil. Birds of paradise aren’t cold-hardy plants and grow in USDA zones 10 – 12. (1). Here are a few common questions about how to know if your exotic flowering plant is under stress. Wiping the leaves with neem oil not only gets rid of pesky bugs but also makes the leaves shine even more. Trim dead or decaying roots as necessary. mzimvubuensis is another subspecies of S.reginae. It prefers a sunny spot in the garden but will also flower well in semi shade. Pruning bird of paradise plants can help keep them growing well and ensure they bloom indoors and outdoors. When young, the leaves of S. juncea look like the broad ‘paddles’ of S. reginae but, as it matures, the leaves shrink until the stems look rush-like and quite striking. DIY Brick Rocket Stove - Cooking Without Electrical Power - Duration: 24:08. It’s also a much smaller plant, growing only to about 1.5m, and it’s slower growing, taking about three years to flower.The flowers are similar in colour to S. reginae, but a bit smaller. When it comes to feeding birds of paradise growing in pots, too much fertilizer is not suitable for them. You may be able to harvest seeds from the birds of paradise flowers. juncea, Strelitzia principis, Strelitzia reginae subsp. Subscribe now and be up to date with our latest news and updates. The plant is not toxic to human beings if ingested. Strelitzia juncea is an evergreen perennial that slowly forms ever-larger clumps of rhizomes from which emerge up to 5 feet (1.5 m) long, bluish-green, narrow stalks. Strelitzia juncea. They are called bird of paradise because of their resemblance to an exotic tropical bird. However, birds of paradise aren’t too fussy when it comes to soil. Description. The bird of paradise strelitzia is poisonous to dogs, cats and most other household pets when eaten, so you want to be sure that they are not able to nibble at the plant. How to Care for Bird of Paradise Indoors Cut off the stem that has the dead flower as close to the ground as possible. The biggest drawback is typically its size (they grow up to 5 feet/1.5 m) and the fact that plants need 3 to 5 years before they will flower. When you care for them well and don’t disturb a mature plant too much by repotting, it will reward you with exotic white, yellow, or orange flowers. There are five main species and varieties, although only Strelitzia Reginae and Strelitzia Nicolai are treated as houseplants. You should keep the soil moist during the warmer months to prevent wilting. Cultivation. Moderate Watering – Requires Regular Watering. However, the potting soil shouldn’t be left to go completely dry. If you live in zone 9 and below, you can grow crane lilies outdoors in the summer. Semi Frost Hardy. In the picture: Strelitzia nicolai, a bird of paradise plant with white flower. augusta, Strelitzia angusta, Strelitzia augusta Dappled sunlight between 12 pm and 2 pm is perfect. Clean and simple with no leaf litter makes Strelitzia Juncea a joy to grow. Clean and simple with no leaf litter makes Strelitzia Juncea a joy to grow. with a blue "tongue". This is a striking feature plant with upright cylindrical leaves without a leaf blade, growing from 1 to 2 m in height and producing large orange or yellow flowers borne on long, cylindrical scapes from May to October. Architectural, Beds and borders, City, Greenhouse, Indoor, Mediterranean, Sub-Tropical. juncea, Strelitzia principis, Strelitzia reginae subsp. Another reason for yellow leaves is too little light. The three most critical needs for bird of paradise plants to thrive are: Read on to learn how to care for this tall tropical plant that has banana-like leaves and cool yellow, orange, or white flowers. The trick to successful growth is providing lots of bright light (with some gentle direct sun), water, warmth, and food…. Bird of paradise flowers look like the head of a crane or birds from the family Paradisaeidae—commonly called “birds-of-paradise.” Although this is a tropical flowering plant, birds of paradise can grow in pots indoors. Strelitiz reginae '' Mandela's Gold' is a form with yellow flowers. Some species of Strelitzia can grow to 32 ft. (10 m) tall. However, seed propagation is not the most effective method. The bird of paradise plant is sometimes mistakenly called “banana tree” because its leaves resemble the ones of banana plants. The bird of paradise plant is rootbound and need transferring to a larger pot. Strelitzia juncea is a striking feature plant and much sought after. The specific name juncea is derived from the Latin juncus meaning rush a reference to its rush-like appearance.. Put your bird of paradise plant back in its favorite sunny location. (left) Leaves of normal Strelitzia reginae. Copyright © 2013-2020 World of Flowering Plants. A blue-and-white Strelitzia or orange-yellow bird-of-paradise need soil that holds moisture without becoming soggy. It … The good news about growing bird of paradise Strelitzia plants indoors is that you rarely have to prune them. When transferring birds of paradise to a new container, you can also check for root damage or rot. DESCRIPTION: Long slender grey-green tubular leaves in a clump, with bird-like orange and purple-blue flowers on long stems amid the foliage.Leaves are on the very ends of long cylindrical stems, and shaped like a paddle. Divide the rhizome so that the new plant has at least one healthy stem and three or four leaves on it. Well-draining, fertile soil that has organic matter mixed in will help your plants thrive. These stalks bear flowers of a most interesting floral structure with hard, beak-like, green, sheath-like bracts held singly at a right angle at the tip of the stalks. The most important thing to do for a Strelitzia is to plant it somewhere that suits its needs, and it will mostly take care of the rest. Here are more descriptions of these unusually-looking flowering plants. The best natural insecticide solution is to use an organic neem oil treatment and wiping down the leaves. USDA hardiness zones 9b to 11b: from 25 °F (−3.9 °C) to 50 °F (+10 °C). General care . During summer, open a window or have an oscillating fan nearby to keep air circulating. Strelitzia juncea Rush-leaved Strelitzia, Narrow-leaved Bird of Paradise, Crane Flower. Hydrate the plant by running water through the potting mix until it drains out the bottom. In spring and summer, when growth is vigorous, water more frequently. In fall and winter, you have to water the potted plant less often. You could also use organic, slow-release fertilizer for indoor plants to nourish your plant from spring through fall. Plant Care: Full Sun. These plants grow very fast and you will need to transfer Strelitzias to a new, larger pot in springtime. Repotting a bird of paradise helps the plant grow well and bloom regularly. Height: 4-6 feet tall. Strelitzia reginae will grow to 1.5m, the exception being the dwarf variety “Minibird” that will only reach about 1m. They rarely perform well as houseplants, as … Fully grown it will reach about 4.5 feet high and about 6 feet wide. She was a princess of Mecklenburg-Strelitz, hence the genus name Strelitzia. If you have dead leaves growing out the ground, either gently pull them out or cut them close to the base with clean pruning shears. Full Sun – Prefers 6 or more hours of sun per day. juncea, Strelitzia teretifolia Strelitzia parvifolia var. Those gorge… Both the S. reginae and S. juncea sport a blend of oranges, blues and reds, while the S. nicolai, S. alba and S. caudata species are mostly white or grey. However, you should avoid over-watering to prevent root rot. May be grown outdoors in a frost-free, sheltered spot. There are five species of bird of paradise plants. A friend of mine is sending me some "Strelitzia Juncea" seeds. juncea, Strelitzia reginae var. Dark glossy Strelitzia leaves turning yellow could be due to watering or light issues. It has other names as well including crane flower, bird’s tongue flower, and strelitzia. Strelitzia reginae was chosen as the very first Plant of the Week when this series began in … A slow-growing, highly sought after, drought resistant plant with grey-green, tall, rush-like leaf stalks. Its orange and blue blooms are smaller than S.reginae. A lack of sunlight is a common reason why bird of paradise plants fail to bloom. During the cooler months, its growth will slow. Strelitzias tend to be disease and pest free. Make sure that you can maintain as much root as possible when transplanting. Indigenous – … Although the large foliage is eye-catching, it’s the white, yellow, or orange flowers that look like cranes that grab attention. Strelitzia juncea is native to South Africa. If you’re growing birds of paradise in pots indoors, try to avoid extremes of temperatures. According to the American Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (ASPCA), birds of paradise are poisonous for cats, dogs, and horses. TREE ALOE Aloe barberae. Strelitzia juncea is one of five Strelitzia species in southern Africa, namely S. alba, S. nicolai, S. reginae and S. caudata. Loamy potting mix that has sand or perlite mixed through it will also help with drainage. There are five species in the plant genus Strelitzia, native to South Africa. Mineral salts tend to build up in containers and this can eventually lead to fertilizer burn. Strelitzia juncea Narrow-leaved bird of paradise Strelitzia reginae is an exotic looking plant with large grey-green leaves, shaped like the leaves of banana, (but not as big) and a flower that is shaped like the crested head of a crane, and is orange in colour. The Bird of Paradise plant, or strelitzia, is a large and gorgeous foliage plant that looks just as majestic indoors in a pot, as it does outside in the garden.This plant is famous for its round palm-like leaves and its brightly-coloured architectural flowers that bloom to look like tropical birds – earning the strelitzia the household name of ‘Bird of Paradise’ plant. Let the soil dry slightly between waterings. Sign of watering issues with a bird of paradise plant: Another thing to remember when caring for crane lilies (Strelitzia reginae) or white birds of paradise (Strelitzia nicolai) is that the climate affects watering frequency. juncea, Strelitzia reginae var. So, in winter, keep the plant containers away from direct heat sources—furnaces or hot radiators. All species of Strelitzia plants need high humidity to thrive—higher than average room air moisture. The distinctive bird of paradise (Strelitzia reginae or Strelizia nicolai) is one of the best known of all the tropical flowers and is a cousin to the banana.Surprisingly, the bird of paradise is easier to grow than many tropical plants and makes for a vigorous, rapidly growing indoor plant. Another propagation method is by seed. Keep humidity levels high, temperatures above 60°F (15°C), and fertilize monthly during the growing season. It is almost 2 years old. You can propagate a bird of paradise plant by separating the rhizome—this is the thick root that looks similar to ginger root. But if they do, usually the culprits are mites, scale, or aphids. USE IN:As a feature in tropical-style garden settings, poolside, grassy borders, large containers. It can take up to eight weeks for the newly-planted Strelitzia seeds to germinate and between four and seven years for the plants to bloom. Bird of paradise flowers usually bloom in late winter and early spring. Strelitzia reginae is the most well-known species and is frequently grown as house plants. From this spathe, which can be up to 8 inches (20 cm) long and tinged on the upper surface with a pale pink color, emerge the flowers one at a time to display 3 brilliantly orange-colored sepals and 3 blue petals, two of which are fused into a long arrow-like structure and the third cupped downward as a nectary. Strelitzia juncea (Narrow-leaved bird of paradise) will reach a height of 1.5m and a spread of 1m after 10-20 years.. Botanical Name: Strelitzia juncea. BOSTON IVY Parthenocissus tricuspidata. Hi, I have grown Strelitzia reginae and also the juncea and parvifolia for about the last 5 years in 60litre bags. This bold plant can grow to heights over 4 feet. Because crane lilies are tall, flowering houseplants, they need a sturdy container to support them. Birds of paradise like to be somewhat rootbound. How to care for bird of paradise plants (Strelitzia): Strelitzia plants need bright light and some direct sunlight when grown indoors or outdoors. The only thing to watch out for is that direct, all day long sunlight can scorch young leaves. The best time to transplant strelitzia outdoors is during late spring or early summer. All rights reserved. Birds of paradise need warm temperatures indoors and outdoors to flourish. An east- or west-facing room is an ideal place for your Strelitzia to flower and thrive. This variety is perfect for growing indoors and looks great as a corner plant in … That means a sunny position, at worst part shade, with free draining soil. They will need plenty of water during the summer month. If the soil feels damp when gently pressing it, you should hold off watering. Strelitzia is a genus of about 5 or 6 species (depending on who you listen to). This bold plant can grow to heights over 4 feet. The best time to prune back dead foliage and leaves is in late winter or early spring—after the plants have finished blooming. Both of these problems can be solved by flushing the potting soil. If they are left to sit in boggy soil, the fleshy roots will slowly rot, killing your plant. Bird of paradise flowers can be orange, yellow, or white with hints of blue. The plant is a vigorous, rapidly growing indoor plant. Juncea Leafless – RARE! The long straight stems have large leaves similar to banana tree leaves which are between 3.5” and 78” (30 – 200 cm) long. The type of pot you choose for your S. reginae and S. nicolai plants can also affect moisture levels. The essential care requirement for Strelitzia plants to flower is plenty of bright sunlight. To prevent over-fertilizing or a salt buildup, flush or leech the potting soil every three months or so. The soil should be rich, well-draining, moist – not waterlogged—and watered regularly. I got one Strelitzia juncea seedling which I started myself. Live Simple, Live Free - Tinyhouse Prepper Recommended for you You can cut back on watering during this time. They can cope with either very little water or lots – provided that the water is running through the soil away from the plant. The colorful spiky petals stick up like a crane’s plumage and the blue or black modified leaf looks like the bird’s beak. Strelitzia juncea (Narrow-leafed Bird of Paradise), How to Grow and Care for Bird of Paradise Flower. I did some Googeling and it doesn't give me a whole lot of answers on how to successfully germinate those.