On the outer edge are pale green fronds, which can be double the size of the central fronds. It is hardy through USDA growing zones 3 to 8 and is considerably more drought-tolerant than most ferns. This plant is truly beautiful, offering up a work of art in your garden. It grows happily in the shade and requires moist soil high in organic content. We recommend buying a high quality indoor potting soil and mixing a little compost in. This fern is native to North America and is hardy through USDA growing zones 3 to 8. This plant has a very unusual look for a fern, which is typically green. Still, with the proper growing conditions, maidenhair ferns can be an interesting and beautiful addition to any indoor plant collection. However, come winter when the indoor heating is on, they must be placed in cooler areas. To successfully grow the fern indoors, it's best to try and mimic these conditions by finding a spot in your home that receives indirect sunlight only. This is an amazing option in case you don’t wish to “poison” your plant(s) with products heavy on chemicals and additives. These are non-fussy plants that add tons of texture and color to your shade gardens. Err on the side of caution and always heavily dilute the fertilizer, or if in doubt, forego fertilizer entirely. TYPE OF FERN - Maidenhair Ferns (Adiantum) "Maidenhair ferns (Adiantum) have a fine billowy appearance and shiny black stalks that, because they resemble hair, give the group its name. It is commonly used as an ornamental houseplant or greenhouse. The key to planting Maidenhair Fern is keeping all the conditions in balance. Maidenhair ferns are those ferns that grow on land, with sizes ranging from small to large, belonging to the genus Adiantum. The fronds have a glossy, leathery texture and can be smooth or have notches around the edge. Grow it in well-draining soil to allow any excess water to drain out of the plant, and aim to maintain a damp soil. The number of species of ferns is spread out of the world. Ferns have complete leaves, roots, and stems. Despite its delicate appearance, it is quite hardy, growing happily in USDA zones 4 through 8. Maidenhair Fern (Adiantum spp.) Boston ferns need bright but indirect sunlight. They are native to woodland areas where the soil is humus-rich and sometimes boggy, protected from the sun by an overhead canopy of larger plants and trees. Unlike many ferns, the bird’s nest fern has fronds that are long, smooth, and lance-shaped. Sunlight Requirement: Lots of indirect sunlight. Bright, indirect light, such as in an east-facing or north-facing window, is best for this plant. They're extremely sensitive to direct sunlight and should only be planted in full shade locations. The Boston fern, also known as sword fern, is one of the most popular ferns to be kept as a houseplant. This plant likes very warm climates, and so for most people, it is suitable only to be grown as a houseplant. Being one of the tallest ferns types out there, the Ostrich fern can reach up to 1.5 meters in height. Types of lady ferns include the following. Mineral or salt buildups don’t happen as often in nature and can harm your plant. The Maidenhair fern (genus Adiantum) is from the fern family Vittarioideae. The ferns of Alsophila, Sphaeropteris and Dicksonia are tree ferns that can grow quite high, all the other genus groups are that of ground, climbing or perching ferns. Different cultivars of this plant are available, some of which produce even more vivid foliage colors. This article provides tips and information on growing maidenhair fern plants. The plant will be evergreen in warmer climates and deciduous in areas that experience frost. However, come winter when the … It prefers warmer conditions as it is native to the southern hemisphere, and is hardy through USDA growing zones 8 to 11. This large fern stands at a mature size of 6 feet wide and 3 feet tall, occupying a substantial amount of space in the home garden. Maidenhair ferns can make graceful additions to shady gardens or bright, indirect areas of the home. The foliage of the plant is not what you might expect from a fern. Like the autumn fern, some varieties have new growth that emerges with coppery tones and turns red and purple in the fall. The maidenhair fern is a container-loving stunner that boasts unique, feathery foliage, but it has to be noted–it’s a bit of a diva. This large fern produces majestic fronds that can unfurl to up to 5 feet in length, giving the plant a wild vase shape. Some wood ferns are evergreen, while others are deciduous. These are the true ferns in the Division Pteridophyta that are native to New Zealand. These tree ferns have a similar appearance to palms and feature extremely long fronds. Instead, wait for signs that your fern is outgrowing its home, like the roots filling up the pot. It grows to around 3 feet in height, with a similar width and does well in either full shade or partial shade. To repot a maidenhair fern successfully: Jon VanZile is a Master Gardener and the author of "Houseplants for a Healthy Home. Ferns are versatile, and there are many types to grow to suit your garden. We aim to be the best source of maidenhair! Types of maidenhair ferns suitable for outdoor growing include the American maidenhair They're extremely sensitive to direct sunlight and should only be planted in full shade locations. While they do withstand some drought, they prefer constant moisture. In the center of the plant grow orange-brown upright fronds resembling plumes, which are laced with spores and reach lengths of 3 feet. Several cultivars of this fern variety exist, including ‘Japonicum,’ which produces new growth that is tinged with pink and ‘Miss Sharples,’ which has new growth in a pale yellow-green shade. Maidenhair ferns prefer moist but well-draining potting soil. With a few hours of morning sun each day, this plant will be able to best showcase its pink stems and purple veins. The plant will scorch easily in direct light, so keep it away from window sills, and instead position it in indirect light or partial shade. Their fronds are delicate, branched out like palms, and are waxy (i.e., water drains away from their surface). Once you understand the needs of ferns, they are actually very easy to care for and have so much to offer. The fern loves high humidity, but absolutely can’t stand its leaves being misted. As with most ferns, this plant enjoys high humidity, so mist it daily or use a pebble tray, or grow it in a naturally humid room such as a bathroom. Maidenhair Ferns are elegant plants that make a superb addition to any shady garden or home. Unlike most ferns, this plant actually benefits from a few hours of sun each day. This fern likes to have space to spread out, typically reaching about 3 feet in height and 3 feet in width, though it can be bigger. Tip of the Week – Focus on Maidenhair Ferns. In addition to being a popular houseplant, maidenhair fern can also be found in nature, growing in places where other plants typically don't, like on rock walls and in between rock fissures where the moisture from water seepage keeps them alive. Keep it in the shade and ensure its soil is rich and kept consistently moist without being waterlogged. Types of Ferns – Southern Maidenhair Fern. It is a native of America, but creeps all over the planet if conditions are ripe for its growth. Our maidenhair fern receives direct morning sun everyday which is how it managed to grow to this size in only three months. It is hardy through USDA growing zones 5 to 9 and has an expected size of 2 feet high and 2 feet wide. They’re best suited for soft water and are easy to care for once they’ve become established.Australian Tree Fern . If you live in USDA hardiness zones 9-12, it can be grown outdoors, or if you’re outside these zones, you could move it outside for the summer months where it is best kept in partial shade. 18 Different Types of Indoor and Outdoor Ferns with Pictures, Kangaroo Paw Fern (Microsorum diversifolium), Crocodile Fern (Microsorium musifolium ‘Crocydyllus’), American Maidenhair Fern (Adiantum pedatum), Northern Maidenhair Fern (Adiantum pedatum aleuticum), Southern Maidenhair Fern (Adiantum capillus-venerus), Japanese Painted Fern (Athyrium niponicum pictum), Tatting Fern (Athyrium filix-femina 'Frizelliae'), Lady in Red Fern (Athyrium filix-femina 'Lady in Red'), Silver Falls Japanese Painted Fern (Athyrium niponicum 'Silver Falls'), Marginal Wood Fern (Dryopteris marginalis), Crested Buckler Fern (Dryopteris dilitata 'Cristata'), Best Christmas Tree Farms in North Hampton, NH, Growing Zone Map - Find Your Plant Hardiness Zone, Fiddle Leaf Fig Tree - Optimal Growing and Care Tips, 8 Indoor Hanging Plants That You Can Grow Indoors, 10 Super Easy Types of Echeveria That You'll Love, 7 Best Bathroom Plants For the High Humidity Environment, Terrarium Plants - 17+ Plants to Grow in Your Terrarium. Types of Ferns – Northern Maidenhair Fern This plant looks similar to the American maidenhair ferns but grows to about twice the height, standing at 40 inches tall. Your Pacific Maidenhair should be planted in a rich, humus soil and provided with constant, even moisture. I also tried to see which ferns I could definitely distinguish from the others and which ferns I might confuse. Maidenhair fern: Featuring dark stripes and bright green, delicate fronds, maidenhair ferns require a humid climate and moist soil rich in organic matter. Can I Grow Ferns Anywhere? Northern maidenhair ferns are hardy through USDA growing zones 4 to 8 (Better Homes and Gardens). Adiantum hispidulum 'Bronze Venus' Bronze Venus maidenhair fern offers a graceful texture with lush green new fronds that emerge a bronzy color. Insistent upon good air circulation as well as some humidity, the maidenhair fern should be placed in full or partial shade and provided with fertile, well-draining soil. their stems are slightly a deep purple-black, looks nicely against the delicate green foliage. This question is for testing whether or not you are a human visitor and to prevent automated spam submissions. Use a pot with drainage holes, and make sure the pot is only a little larger than the root ball. These taller ferns can easily reach higher than four feet in height and have two distinct types of fronds, making it fairly easy to tell this fern apart from others in your garden. The Ostrich fern prefers temperate regions, moist soil, and optimum sunlight for healthy growth. Although the name suggests this plant might be quite tough, it actually is quite delicate in nature and in looks. This fern requires very warm, humid air. Divvy the plant up into more manageable sections, maintaining a minimum of two to three healthy fronds within each division. It's not necessary to fertilize a maidenhair fern, as the plant will do just fine without it. These delicate-looking ferns feature lots of small leaflets on compound leaves. With just a few tricks and tips, you can become an expert in growing Adiantum Capillus-Veneris. source: en.wikipedia.org. Boston ferns are often used in hanging baskets. This plant also works well as a groundcover or in containers. There are many types of ferns. They are especially good as they don’t cause any buildups, which is the cause of the chemical fertilizers. Also, refrain from using much fertilizer, if any at all, as this plant is sensitive to this. They thrive in swamp-like conditions, growing naturally on the edge of riverbanks and in wet woodlands. Misting may be necessary to maintain moisture in winter. It is deciduous, so its leaves will drop in the fall, which could leave quite a vast gap in your outdoor area. See more ideas about types of ferns, plants, vascular plant. Bright green interrupted ferns stand out when planted with variegated Solomon’s seal and Japanese aralia. Perennial species of maidenhair ferns, for example, grow in cool, humid areas such as near shady streams. Northern Maidenhair Fern has airy, delicate fronds on wiry black stems and slowly spreads by branching rhizomes to form a medium-sized clump up to 2′ tall. Ferns love moist soil and shady conditions, but some are even known to thrive in hanging baskets. These delicate looking ferns are available in varying shades of green. This plant is a dwarf variety, growing to just one foot in height. In Coastal SC and Coastal GA, they are usually evergreen. Adiantum hispidulum – The rough maidenhair (Adiantum hispidulum) also prefers being outdoors. They are varying shades of green and rely on constantly moist soil and high humidity to survive. They require medium or low light and high humidity. Therefore, a well-draining soil should help resolve any overwatering issues. Some ferns bear feminine names, such as the maidenhair fern. Some ferns grow in sun while others prefer shade. It likes to be kept in moist but not wet conditions, and so, relies on a well-draining soil to thrive. Height/Width: 2-3 feet; 3 feet. Maidenhair Fern is part of the Adiantum genus that includes over 200 varieties of ferns grown around the world. Maidenhair ferns are pretty particular about their soil and prefer a rich, slightly alkaline mix with plenty of compost. Be careful not to overwater this plant, or it could be susceptible to rot. If you have a partially shaded corner of your home, you could also try growing this fern there as it can do well in some shade. These beautiful delicate ferns are quick to punish the grower for any watering mistakes but their lacy fronds make it worth a shot. This fern can make a superb addition to the shady parts of your garden or your home when placed in bright corners without any direct sunlight. These can range from $8.50 for 140mm (5″) pots through to $22.00 for a 200mm (8″) hanging basket. This delicate-looking plant is more robust than it appears, but it thrives in heat and high humidity. Though the are visually stunning throughout all stages of their growth, they are considered a slow-growing fern, typically taking up to three years to reach their full mature size. To mimic its ideal conditions, mist the plant with warm water a couple of times a day in order to maintain the proper moisture levels on its delicate leaves. The thin black stems and small, dainty leaves give this fern a very unique look that makes caring for it very much worthwhile. If you’ve already got some experience growing ferns and don’t get nervous taking on a more fussy plant, maidenhair ferns from the Adiantum genus might be a nice addition to your collection. There are several varieties of maidenhair ferns, including the houseplant Adiantum raddianum, but the following varieties are suitable for growing outdoors. This fern is wider than it is tall, making it a useful ground cover under trees. There’s a cultivar known as Adiantum microphyllum ‘Little Lady’ available from time to time, but it’s unclear how this is unique. Unlike most ferns, which appreciate full shade, this plant can adapt to partially sunny conditions, though always avoid afternoon sun to prevent the pretty foliage from scorching (Gardeners World Magazine). Maidenhair fern: Featuring dark stripes and bright green, delicate fronds, maidenhair ferns require a humid climate and moist soil rich in organic matter. The Northern variety grows 1-3 feet on wiry black stems, and is hardy done to zone 2, though it is not evergreen. Deer fern has two types of fronds: narrow, evergreen, once-pinnate (or deeply lobed), sterile leaves spread outward, growing 10-80 cm long; even narrower, taller (1-3 feet), fertile fronds grow erect, from the center, soon withering after spore dispersal. They've been hip throughout history, too—from the fern fever of the Victorian era to the 1970s plant craze to today's houseplant boom.. It is also known as the Japanese holly fern. It gets its name from the tips of the fronds, which are crested, giving the plant an especially dainty look. It is sensitive to fertilizer, and a feed that is too highly concentrated will kill the plant. Spherical balls of leaflets are dotted along chunky pale green stems, giving the appearance of lacy beads on a string. USDA Hardiness Zone: 9-11. Water the plant when the top of the soil is dry to the touch, but never allow the whole pot to dry out. Varieties of osmunda ferns include the following. See more ideas about types of ferns, plants, vascular plant. There are several varieties of the Maidenhair fern, but all of them have lots of small leaflets on their compound leaves. Types of Maidenhair Fern Fertilizers 1. Silver dollar maidenhair fern, a type of fern with large divided leaves. The graceful, fanlike pattern of maidenhair fern is unique among all of the native ferns. Growing maidenhair fern is easy. This is an attractive indoor houseplant with pretty green leaflets making up long narrow leaves. This board is dedicated to all the different varieties in types of fern. Find out the best ferns to grow in your garden, below. To grow these plants in your garden, you’ll need to recreate the natural environment where these ferns grow natively, which namely involves ensuring your soil is high in rich organic matter. They're extremely sensitive to direct sunlight and should only be planted in full shade locations. Other types of these ferns have longer leaflets that are more typical of fern plants. Plant it in a shaded corner of your garden where it will thrive in moist conditions. This way, you can easily check on the moisture levels in the plastic pot, and the drainage holes will prevent the soil from becoming too soggy. How to Care for a Maidenhair Fern . This rare fern is one of the most recognizable types. There are many types of houseplants, ... Maidenhair ferns generally like cool conditions with indoor temperatures ranging from 16 to 21 degrees Celsius and high relative humidity. it can be situated in the shade. Height/Width: 2-3 feet; 3 feet. The most common reason that Boston ferns die is due to their soil being allowed to dry out. This is a tough evergreen plant down to zone 6. Red spores form on the bottom for even more color. E.g. Ferns are one of the oldest types of plants in existence, dating back over 350 million years. They are one of the most popular types of plants used for shaded areas, as they thrive in low light conditions, bringing much-needed greenery and life to dark and dull corners of both gardens and homes. The more light you give it, the more its leaves will crinkle and curl—so for straighter, smoother leaves, keep it a little further from your light source. It likes to be grown in moist soil but is very unforgiving of soggy soil; for this reason, it should be grown in a growing medium with a high content of bark to allow water to drain through it easily. Types of maidenhair ferns suitable for outdoor growing include the American maidenhair Adiantum pedatum), northern maidenhair … However, if you wish to provide it with an added dose of nutrients, feed with a balanced, diluted blend once a month, avoiding any feed with too much nitrogen (200 ppm or less), which can cause the tips of the leaves to burn. Alternatively, you can place the potted plant near a humidifier or atop a tray of wet pebbles to increase moisture levels. In temperate regions, Maidenhair ferns can be kept in the living room during spring. Adiantum capillus-veneris (Southern Maidenhair Fern) Southern Maidenhair Ferns give a light airy texture to shady gardens. Overview Information Maidenhair fern is a plant. It can survive only in warm temperatures and will die at the slightest hint of cold. Maidenhair Ferns all belong to the Genus Adiantum…there are about 200 species and within the species an amazing array of different cultivars. They require high humidity and consistently moist soil to thrive. The Japanese shield fern, also called a wood fern, is one of the most common types of evergreen ferns. It is suitable only for growing outdoors in USDA hardiness zones 8 to 10, where winter temperatures do not drop too low. Avoid harsh light or direct rays, as the delicate leaves of the maidenhair fern can burn very easily. Too much direct sunlight may cause leaf burn. Two common species that are commonly known as holly fern are Cyrtomium falcatum in the genus Cyrtomium and Polystichum lonchitis in the genus Polystichum. for 1+3, enter 4. Fern friday! Like most ferns, it enjoys moist, rich soil and does best in a position of shade. tall, 12 to 18 in. There’s a cultivar known as Adiantum microphyllum ‘Little Lady’ available from time to time, but it’s unclear how this is unique. This is a list of native New Zealand ferns. Oct 13, 2020 - Ferns are a group of vascular plants that reproduce via spores and have neither seeds nor flowers. The plant is evergreen down to 28 ºF, and though it enjoys being kept warm, it does not like direct sunlight, as its leaves will easily scorch. We may earn a commission for purchases using our links. This fern has a vigorous vertical habit, growing upright to heights of up to 24 inches and 3 feet in width. As you might have guessed by now, growing the Maidenhair does not comes without a challenge. Types of maidenhair ferns suitable for outdoor growing include the American maidenhair Adiantum pedatum), northern maidenhair … Feb 7, 2013 - The Pacific Maidenhair Fern can add a bit of graceful elegance to any partial to fully shaded area of your garden. This fern gets its name from its glossy green leaves, which have a leathery texture. If you aren’t available for misting your plants on a daily basis, then ferns might not be for you, although you could consider investing in a humidifier instead. For this reason, it is best kept as a houseplant away from cold drafts, cooling vents, or open windows. These ferns prefer moist, humus-rich soil in partial to full shade, preferably in a sheltered position, but once established they will tolerate some drought. The genus name is derived from the Greek word adiantos, which means "unwetted"—an apt description for the fern, since its leaves repel water. The fronds emerge in early spring on black, wire-like stems that reach 18-24 inches. In their native habitats, maidenhair ferns are quite vigorous and spread by branched rhizomes beneath the soil. Its name comes from its bright red stems, which are laced with pale green feathery foliage. The ones grown indoors are normally the ones that grow in warm regions. If you’ve already got some experience growing ferns and don’t get nervous taking on a more fussy plant, maidenhair ferns from the Adiantum genus might be a nice addition to your collection. Maidenhair ferns generally like cool conditions with indoor temperatures ranging from 16 to 21 degrees Celsius and high relative humidity. See more ideas about maidenhair fern, garden, shade garden. Organic Fertilizer. A popular aquarium plant, this fern has beautiful green fronds and can grow rather tall, making them best for planting on the bottom. Nearly all ferns grow best in moist but well-drained soil, though some will thrive in dry shade. Maidenhair ferns are probably the most delicate of all (indoor) ferns. Boston ferns have something of a reputation for being difficult to keep alive; in fact, it is very easy to care for this plant as long as you know what it needs. While the Maidenhair fern prefers rich, deep humus soil, they have also been known to thrive in areas of poor soil, even growing on vertical rock faces underneath waterfalls. This plant is similar in looks to the American maidenhair fern but grows to about twice the height, standing at 30 inches tall. Several species and varieties bear new growth in pink or red that eventually ages to green. This board is dedicated to all the different varieties in types of fern. Surprisingly, many species of this delicate, tropical-looking plant are winter hardy; some are even native to the United States. The fronds of these types of ferns grow in loose clusters along the rhizome. If you have a generous space in a shaded corner to fill, then this plant could be for you, though steer clear of it if you like to keep things neat and tidy because it does have a habit to get a little unruly and will takeover any nearby plants you are growing. Ferns typically require moisture from the ground and the air, and some sunlight, but not direct sunlight, in order to thrive. It gets its common name from the upright soft feathery fronds that resemble ostrich tail feathers. We aim to be the best source of maidenhair! Maidenhair Ferns are a popular indoor plant with some varieties suited to growing outdoors. Ferns are easy to grow almost anywhere, but they do require specific conditions to thrive. Aspleniaceae. With leaves that resemble the tail of an ostrich, these ferns are also one of the prettiest. People use it to make medicine. There are many types of ferns. These ferns can be repotted annually or biannually, depending on the pot size and the plant's growth rate—they don't mind being a little crowded, so don't rush to repot them if you're unsure. Boston Fern (Sword Fern) Rather easy to take care of as long as you plant it in well-drained fertile soil, and keep it moist without turning soggy. ", How to Grow Majestic Staghorn Fern Plants Indoors. Follow this types of ferns board!. It is a tall growing plant that tolerates a little more light than the common maidenhair, A. aethiopicum. While a fern requires more devotion and routine care when placed in a container environment than when planted in the ground, this extra labor has a definite payoff in the form of a lush and healthy fern. This makes it ideal for use as a houseplant, as temperatures in homes tend to be perfect for this plant. Zones 3-8. This plant is best suited for planting in full or partial shade, though unusually for a fern, it can cope with long hours of direct sunlight, so long as it is grown in standing water. You will need to maintain evenly moist soil to keep this plant happy. One of the most important aspects to keep in mind is that these ferns love moisture and humidity. The plant enjoys high humidity, so it is well suited to life in a bathroom. One such fern is the maidenhair fern, which is spotted in woodlands, in the fissures of rocks, or simply under the shade of big trees in a damp yard. Plant it in a position of partial shade, where it can receive a few hours of the morning sun and then be protected from sunlight during the hottest part of the day. It is these fronds that give the plant its common name, as they are similar in appearance to cinnamon sticks. These kinds of ferns have fronds with dark green leaves, a glossy texture, and prickly edges like holly. In temperate regions, Maidenhair ferns can be kept in the living room during spring. If you’re looking for a large fern to fill a boggy corner of your garden, then an osmunda fern would be a great choice, as they are among the tallest fern you can grow at home. These beautiful delicate ferns are quick to punish the grower for any watering mistakes but their lacy fronds make it worth a shot. Other types of fern to grow include maidenhair ferns and Japanese fersn. It’s not hard to see where this fern got its common name, with its stunning copper-red foliage that develops into gold and green as the seasons pass, eventually turning to rust in fall. Hence, the name “maidenhair.” Ferns are known to grow in places where other plants seldom grow. It is hardy through USDA growing zones 5 to 8. Types of maidenhair ferns suitable for outdoor growing include the American maidenhair Adiantum pedatum), northern maidenhair … Different Types of Indoor Ferns: 1. Ferns do not produce flowers and instead are prized for their fronds, which delicately unfurl to reveal unusual and attractive plants. Soft-green fern fronds make good neighbors with columbines and bleeding hearts because they hide the spring ephemerals’ fading foliage. Delta Maidenhair (Adiantum raddianum) From the exotic showiness of the staghorn fern to the filigree texture of a small, but charming and elegant fern: delta maidenhair. Maidenhair ferns are a type of fern that has a soft, lacy appearance. Growing Condition of Maidenhair Fern. Your best bet when it comes to ensuring your maidenhair fern thrives is to focus on multiple water sources for this thirsty species. It requires warm conditions, only being hardy in USDA zones 9 to 11 when kept outside. They are found in many parts of the world but are most abundant in the American tropics. These ferns are epiphytes, which means that they do not grow rooted in soil. These ferns will burn easily in direct sunlight, so they should always be planted in a shaded position, and if they are subjected to any light, it must be in the early morning when the sun is at its lowest intensity. Type Perennial Foliage Finely textured almost frilly fronds emerge in spring with curved stalks that divide into fingerlike projections Light Full to part shade Size 12 to 30 in. Although their reputation as finicky plants precedes them, don’t be discouraged! The content of this field is kept private and will not be shown publicly. The word Adiantum comes from the Greek adiantos, which means ‘unwetted’ and refers to the way that maidenhair fern fronds repel water. They cannot be propagated from seed or stem cuttings, instead, reproduce from spores on their foliage. Boston Fern (Sword Fern) Rather easy to take care of as long as you plant it in well-drained fertile soil, and keep it moist without turning soggy. Depending on the type of species, ferns can live up to 100 years. wide Hardiness Cold hardy in USDA zones 3 to 8 Cost and tips on buying plants. To grow this fern as a houseplant, position it in indirect light. Additionally, regular trimming and the removal of browned leaves can also help the fern grow denser foliage. Indoors, position the staghorn fern in a spot that gets plenty of bright but indirect light, while if kept outdoors. Adiantum Capillus-Veneris Adiantum capillus-veneris, the Southern maidenhair fern, black maidenhair fern, maidenhair fern, and venus hair fern, is a species of ferns in the genus Adiantum and the family Pteridaceae with a subcosmopolitan worldwide distribution. This week I wanted to talk about the Maidenhair fern as well as methods for growing moisture loving houseplants in general. They aren’t well suited to a spot on a sunny windowsill; instead, keep them out of direct light by placing them on a table in a bright room. Their requirements are simple: moist soil with lots of organic matter, high humidity, and constant shade. This fern is hardy through USDA growing zones 5 to 8 and typically reaches around 2 or 3 feet in height. There are thousands of types of ferns, growing in all types of environments, from desserts to rain forests. Oct 13, 2020 - Ferns are a group of vascular plants that reproduce via spores and have neither seeds nor flowers. Whether you are gifted with a green thumb or not, our guide will help you grow the perfect houseplants. They can be grown both indoors and outdoors but they are commonly used as an indoor plant. Next, I flipped to the ferns section of Plants of Coastal British Columbia and got acquainted with those seven types of ferns. If you do plant the cinnamon fern in a well-lit spot, you can expect that it won’t reach its full height. Adaitum pedatum: Maidenhair Fern. It grows up to 2 feet wide and 3 feet high and is surprisingly hardy. The kangaroo paw fern is an interesting plant; it can be epiphytic, growing in crevices of rocks or on tree trunks, but it can also be grown in soil. It grows to a maximum height of 16 inches and features dark brown or black stalks from which dainty feathered leaves grow. Cyrtomium falcatum is perennial plant. Solve this simple math problem and enter the result. The delicate fronds of maidenhair ferns look lovely with blue hostas and purple coral bells. Its stems are a deep purple-black, standing out nicely against the delicate green foliage. The most popular types of this fern are Polystichum lonchitis and Cyrtomium falcatum. Maidenhair ferns are delicate plants with very small fronds and a lace-like appearance. They're extremely sensitive to direct sunlight and should only be planted in full shade locations. This can be a tricky habitat to recreate in a home setting. Like many types of ferns, they thrive in areas where constant moistness is present. The large, green fronds around the outside of the plant are sterile, while the cinnamon-colored fronds that grow from the middle of the plant are fertile and plume-like. If you notice the fern's leaves are curling up, the leaf tips are dry, or the leaves are falling off frequently, it's likely that the air is too dry and the plant needs more moisture and humidity. Bronze Venus Maidenhair Fern. There are several varieties of maidenhair ferns, including the houseplant Adiantum raddianum, but the following varieties are suitable for growing outdoors. As their name suggests, lady ferns are elegant and beautiful. source: gardeningknowhow.com. Some species of Maidenhair ferns have small, nearly oval leaflets (pinnae). Maidenhair fern: Featuring dark stripes and bright green, delicate fronds, maidenhair ferns require a humid climate and moist soil rich in organic matter. image: pinterest.com. The easiest way to achieve this is to keep a deep tray under the pot they are in (self watering pots work great for this too.) with a number of decorative species/varieties of adiantum, doryopteris and hemionitis (the last two families are closed-related genus … It does best in coastal settings, and it’ll grow very deep and glossy green fronds that can reach up to four feet tall and four feet wide. Keep the fern in a plastic pot with holes, then place the plastic pot in a more attractive outer pot if you wish. If you’re looking for a very unusual fern, then this could be the one. In nature, these ferns abound in moist areas like places around streams, rivers, ponds, lakes, and waterfalls. This plant is hardy through USDA zones 3 to 6, and like other osmunda ferns, prefers to be grown in moist or wet soil. Exotic Angel® Plants. Introducing "One Thing": A New Video Series, The Spruce Gardening & Plant Care Review Board, The Spruce Renovations and Repair Review Board. They love to be consistently moist at all times. How to grow ferns. However, it will not do well in soggy soil. Adiantum / ˌ æ d i ˈ æ n t əm /, the maidenhair fern, is a genus of about 250 species of ferns in the subfamily Vittarioideae of the family Pteridaceae, though some researchers place it in its own family, Adiantaceae. Use a knife or spade to divide the roots. The foliage is a deep shade of green, and the fronds themselves can come in a variety of shapes and sizes. Caterpillar Fern. Bonus: Maidenhair fern. Another Australian native, this tropical fern, has mid-green leaves with dark green veining with an unusual texture that is said to resemble crocodile skin. The Maidenhair Fern is a popular choice among all types of gardeners, so you shouldn’t feel discouraged if you are a novice gardener. There are over 700 species in the genus Asplenium, the spleenworts. They will be drought-tolerant once mature and can be grown in numerous lighting conditions, from full shade to indirect light. It is cultivated as a popular garden fern and houseplant. Water: Maidenhair ferns are one of the few plants that you cannot over-water! The Crocodile Fern, sometimes known as an alligator fern a Crocodylus fern or a crocodile plant, is a fern native to Australia with a slightly unusual texture on its leathery crinkled fronds that resembles a crocodile’s skin. The Southern, or Common Maidenhair has delicate looking leaves and is often grown as a houseplant, but don’t let that fool you. As mentioned, water is very important to this fern, so up your chances of creating the proper environment for it by incorporating moss or an organic matter like compost into the soil to help it to retain water. The common name of this plant comes from its brown leaflets, which give the appearance of interrupting the green leaflets where they appear along the frond. They're considered hardy ferns, rather than tropical ferns, but don't let the description fool you: maidenhair ferns can be difficult to keep healthy indoors, as they're quite particular about their growing conditions. The leaves/foliage can be layered, cut back, tasselled, variegated, lime green, dark green, light green, pink/red tipped,serrated, scalloped, large, tiny. The plant is hardy through USDA growing zones 4 to 9, making it suitable for growth in a wide range of climates. There are many types of maidenhair ferns (they belong to the genus Adiantum) and they grow all over the world. Ensure it is planted in well-draining soil to allow any excess water to pass through the soil and out of the pot’s drainage holes. These unique ferns are often looked upon as living art rather than as houseplants. Let us know in the comments, and please share this page with others who may be interested! There are many types of Maidenhair Ferns, and Adiantum microphyllum is one of the few small enough be realistically suited for terrarium use. The genus name is derived from the Greek word adiantos, which means "unwetted"—an apt description for the fern, since its leaves repel water. Very adaptable garden specimen, to drier shade than expected, since in the wild it can be found in the spray zone of waterfalls on mossy rock outcroppings. Get it free when you sign up for our newsletter. As you might expect from the name, this plant is a native of Australia. Though it is more tolerant of direct light than other ferns, it is still susceptible to scorched foliage and should be kept out of the sun when it is at its most intense in the afternoon. Instead, they grow on other plants or trees in their native habitats. They typically like to grow in moist conditions with high humidity, and these are two areas that some people struggle with, especially those who like to have plants they can occasionally water but otherwise forget about. Maidenhair fern: Featuring dark stripes and bright green, delicate fronds, maidenhair ferns require a humid climate and moist soil rich in organic matter. It can grow to 16 inches tall and wide. Perhaps the most elegant of the native woodland ferns, with wire-thin dark brown to purplish-black stems rising 12-18” tall, topped with a flattened “palm” of delicate fronds. American Maidenhair Fern (Adiantum pedatum) This fern is native to North America and is hardy through USDA growing zones 3 to 8. USDA Hardiness Zone: 9-11. Rosy maidenhair fern, a rough type of Maidenhair that is characterized by its strong appearance and rapid growth. Japanese painted ferns, however, have burgundy stems with silver foliage, which looks as though it has been brushed with dashes of red and blue. About more than 10500 types of ferns are known but perhaps thousand species are as slightly studied. The genus name comes from Greek, meaning "unwetted", referring to the fronds' ability to shed water without becoming wet. If you love the look of ferns but aren’t sure if you can handle how particular these plants are about their growing conditions, then wood ferns might be a good choice for you as they are much more adaptable than most other types of ferns. They also tolerate some sun but grow best in partial to full shade. Maidenhair Fern – There are both Northern and Southern Maidenhair ferns. Most maidenhair ferns sport striking shiny black leaf stalks (petioles) that stand out against a… If you could look at the above fern type is delicate-looking plant is more sturdy than it appears, but it prosper in heat and high humidity. It is fairly cold hardy, suitable for growing in USDA hardiness zones 3 to 8. Soil and Potting. Temperature-wise, the fern is best kept above 70 degrees Fahrenheit and should not be placed anywhere in your home where the temperature or cold drafts dip below 60 degrees Fahrenheit. Consistently moist soil is a great place to start—from there, be sure to water your fern consistently, either daily or every other day, never allowing the soil to dry out. Trees.com is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to Amazon.com. They're also some of the oldest plants on earth. While it is true that these ferns prefer to be kept in moist conditions, they are actually fairly drought-tolerant once mature. Bonus: Maidenhair fern. Lady ferns, like most ferns, thrive in shade and moist soil. Although they’re found all over the globe, they’re usually found in four particular habitats such as moist, shady forests, crevices in rock faces that face away from the sun, acid wetlands, and tropical trees. It is suitable for growing in USDA hardiness zones 4 through 8 and can survive periods of drought once established. Maidenhair ferns differ in price depending on the pot size. In their natural forest environment, maidenhair ferns are primarily covered by a canopy of trees, receiving a bit of shade and a bit of partial sunlight. It does best in coastal settings, and it’ll grow very deep and glossy green fronds that can reach up to four feet tall and four feet wide. Types of wood fern include the following. With their elegant fronds and lush green coloring, ferns are some of the most sought-after houseplants around. Plant each section into its own pot, and be sure to water them well. Ferns are among the oldest types of plants in the world. It is suitable or compatible only for growing outdoors , as USDA hardiness zones 7 to 9, where the winter temperatures don’t drop too much low. The Western Sword Fern is one of the most reliable and robust types of ferns you can have, and thrives in zones 5 to 10 as part of your forest garden. Humidity in homes is generally low, but you can increase this by using a pebble tray, a humidifier, or by giving you plant a daily water mist spray. There are many types of Maidenhair Ferns, and Adiantum microphyllum is one of the few small enough be realistically suited for terrarium use. The Western Sword Fern is one of the most reliable and robust types of ferns you can have, and thrives in zones 5 to 10 as part of your forest garden. They tend to be of a medium-size, which makes them suitable for planting in most gardens, and they are exceptionally tough for ferns. Polypodium formosanum. These moisture-loving ferns are native to the United States, found everywhere eastwards from the Mississippi River. Staghorn ferns are most commonly grown mounted on wood in the style of antlers, as the unusual foliage bears a resemblance to those of the staghorn. The plant thrives in wet conditions and is well suited for planting on the edge of a pond or anywhere that will benefit from consistently moist soil. No matter which species you grow, all maidenhair ferns feature light green compound leaves comprised of small leaflets. Maidenhair ferns have delicate fan-shaped leaf segments, typically clustered on wiry black stems. While it will happily grow in moist soil, it can also survive periods of drought without sustaining any damage, though if in doubt, err on the side of caution and offer it up some water in dry seasons. This attractive fern has soft, finely divided mid-green foliage. They typically reach about 3 feet in height and 2 feet in width and can last for many years to be passed down the family as heirlooms. The plant likes its soil to be kept consistently moist, but it does not like to be in soggy soil. Otherwise, you will need to increase humidity by misting the plant or sitting it on a pebble tray. Which type of fern do you like best? While there are hundreds of varieties of maidenhair ferns, the most popular and the most commonly grown in Australia is the “Fragrans” variety, which does incredibly well indoors. Always ensure your ferns are growing in well-draining soil to allow excess water to drain away from the plant's roots. with a number of decorative species/varieties of adiantum, doryopteris and hemionitis (the last two families are closed-related genus to adiantum, which is real maidenhair fern). Ferns are reputed as an old vascular plant which nearly older than the Carboniferous period. The Spruce / Anastasiia Tretiak Maidenhair Fern is part of the Adiantum genus that includes over 200 varieties of ferns grown around the world. Different Types of Indoor Ferns: 1. Do not fertilize the repotted ferns right away, as this may burn the roots. Also consider housing the plant in a moisture-rich environment at home, such as a bathroom or garden greenhouse. The ostrich fern is able to tolerate some sun but only if its soil is kept adequately moist. Types of Ferns 1. Sunlight Requirement: Lots of indirect sunlight. These ferns reach heights of 5 or 6 feet and feature two different colored fronds. Water the plant again once the top of the soil is starting to dry out. Only water the plant moderately, and give it a regular misting to increase the moisture content of the air around the plant. Ferns sometimes find themselves with a bad reputation of being tricky to care for, and it’s true that many people struggle to keep ferns thriving, but this is more commonly down to people not understanding their care requirements. Follow this types of ferns board!. Misting may be necessary to maintain moisture in winter. An ostrich fern in dry soil will be unable to cope with direct sun and will suffer from scorched leaves. Learn more. Types of Indoor Ferns. I made note of the general leaf shape and pattern of each fern. There are many varieties of fern that fall into the category of lady fern, somewhere in excess of 160 different species. African Water Fern. Though they like moist soil, they typically don’t like wet soil (though there are some exceptions to this). ‘Kangaroo paw’ refers to the long fronds of the fern, which resemble the oversized feet of the kangaroo. The most important environmental factor when it comes to growing this fern with success is humidity—it thrives on moisture and needs a lot to survive, which can often be difficult to achieve in indoor environments. The Maidenhair ferns are diminutive plants with black stems that are easily broken. There are species that grow in tropical regions, and also in temperate climates such as mine.