Influenced by Ovid's Metamorphoses, the poems show the guilt and moral confusion that result from uncontrolled l… His father John was the son of a farmer who became a successful tradesman; his mother Mary Arden was gentry. William Shakespeare on engraving from “Shakspeare’s Dramatic Works, Vol. Although these theories offer exciting possibilities, there is no direct evidence to suggest that any of these figures actually wrote the plays we now attribute to Shakespeare. As You Like It, Act II, Scene VII [Blow, blow, thou winter wind] William Shakespeare 1623. The name William Shakespeare is synonymous with greatness and everlasting literary legacy – who in this world is not familiar with the tragic love story of Romeo and Juliet, the enigmatic character of Hamlet, the madness of King Lear, and dozens of other memorable figures who … Victorian commentators simply could not reconcile the image of the literary genius that emerged from the page with the figure of the historical Shakespeare. As a result, some theorists have argued that Shakespeare himself was basically illiterate. Early Years. The Shakespeare that we think we know may not even have existed at all. Shakespeare is Shakespeare's real name. As a result, the vast majority of Shakespeare scholars continue to believe that he was the genuine author of these plays and poems. Elisabeth Sherman is a writer living in Jersey City, New Jersey. These critics were known as “anti-Stratfordians,” and they argued that the author of the plays attributed to Shakespeare must have been someone of exceptional education and in possession of an extensive vocabulary. The Authorship Question Who wrote the plays of William Shakespeare? Despite this compelling circumstantial evidence, there is no concrete proof that Edward de Vere was the real author of Shakespeare’s plays. It is actually thanks to a group of actors from Shakespeare's company that we have about half of the plays at all. It might be said that, before his death, the poet, in this epopee of the ideal, had designed a codicil for the Future. Shakespeare's School Find out what we know about Shakespeare's school and how else he may have been educated. remind us that the past was real - William Shakespeare. Christopher Marlowe is often suggested as Shakespeare's rival and as the real author of Shakespeare's plays. Statue of William Shakespeare outside the Carnegie Music Hall, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. Her mother Mary Arden was the daughter of a rich landowner family. William Shakespeare was an English poet, playwright and actor of the Renaissance era. Next, read about the four most enduring conspiracy theories in history. At age 18, in 1582, he married Anne Hathaway, a woman who was eight years older than he. Three Songs. He is widely regarded as the greatest writer and dramatist in the English language, and authored 39 plays and over 150 poems. William Shakespeare creates Othello” as a real character to prove his price as a husband and noble soldier. After all, as Shakespeare himself was well aware, everyone loves a good mystery! William Shakespeare, the figure to whom the most influential works of literature in history are credited, was born in April of 1564 (the exact date is approximated as April 23rd, also the date given as his death fifty-two years later) in Stratford, England to John and Mary Shakespeare. However, the lack of surviving manuscripts written in Shakespeare’s own hand means that people will continue to ask questions about his authorship. At the heart of the problem is the fact that, for a man who was so prolific with his pen, Shakespeare didn't leave much evidence of his life behind. In fact, his name itself is the basis of much of controversy surrounding the authenticity of his authorship. (Hart, 156) The orthodox version of William Shakespeare's life is that Shakespeare s father John had once been prosperous, but lost his money. In contrast, we have an abundance of documentary evidence to suggest that Shakespeare existed, that he lived in London and Stratford-upon-Avon, and that he earned his way as a playwright, actor and businessman. William Shakespeare - William Shakespeare - Sexuality: Like so many circumstances of Shakespeare’s personal life, the question of his sexual nature is shrouded in uncertainty. Indeed, it is conventionally accepted that 14 of Shakespeare’s plays were written after 1604 – the year of De Vere’s death. Shakespeare lived in a townhouse on Henley Street, Stratford-upon-Avon with his family. Here’s what you need to know. According to the Guardian, conspiracy theorists suggest that Marlowe’s death was faked, to allow him to escape trial and conviction of being an atheist. He was exceptionally well educated, widely traveled (especially in Italy), and had an intimate knowledge of Jacobean politics. Male And Male Love In William Shakespeare By William Shakespeare 850 Words | 4 Pages. These humble beginnings and lack of formal education seem incompatible with the writer’s intimate knowledge of courtly procedure, convincing some scholars that the true author must have been a nobleman. "; McMichael & Glenn 1962, p. 56. William Shakespeare, Shakespeare also spelled Shakspere, byname Bard of Avon or Swan of Avon, (baptized April 26, 1564, Stratford-upon-Avon, Warwickshire, England—died April 23, 1616, Stratford-upon-Avon), English poet, dramatist, and actor often called the English national poet and considered by many to be the greatest dramatist of all time. These writings were brought together in what is known as the First Folio ('Folio' refers to the size of the paper used). The proposed candidates for the true authors of William Shakespeare’s work (clockwise from top left): Francis Bacon, Christopher Marlowe, William Stanley, and Edward de Vere. Join 1000s of subscribers and receive the best Vintage News in your mailbox for FREE, Police arrest a 72-year-old “suburban grandfather” suspected of being the Golden State Killer, “I’m not dead yet”: some Buddhist monks followed self-mummification, Project Azorian: Howard Hughes’ secret mission, 1960s U.S. satellite that started transmitting again in 2013, The “Walk of Shame” in Game of Thrones historical inspiration, The only unsolved skyjacking case in U.S. history might have a break, Kurt Gödel became too paranoid to eat and died of starvation, “Little Ease”: One of the most feared torture devices in the Tower of London, The humble English girl who became Cora Pearl, Walt Disney softened the original Snow White story. Starting in the 19th century, a growing movement starting asking: Was Shakespeare real? A Moscow River Erupts In Flames After An Oil Spill, What Stephen Hawking Thinks Threatens Humankind The Most, 27 Raw Images Of When Punk Ruled New York, Join The All That's Interesting Weekly Dispatch, the four most enduring conspiracy theories. But was he really? He was an important member of the King’s Men company of theatrical players from roughly 1594 onward. Analysis of William Shakespeare’s The Tempest By Nasrullah Mambrol on July 26, 2020 • ( 0). He fit the profile of the Shakespearean author perfectly, and many now believe that he used the figure of Shakespeare as a pseudonym to protect himself from criticism by his aristocratic peers. Shakespeare is England’s national author and regarded the best writer of all time. . We all know that William Shakespeare was a glove maker’s son from Stratford Upon Avon. from forth a copse] William Shakespeare 1900. There’s an entire field of a study dedicated to the various conspiracy theories regarding Shakespeare’s “true” identity. When that I was and a little tiny boy. William Shakespeare died 400 years ago today — if he even existed. His father John Shakespeare was an alderman and a glove-maker. Many commentators agree in the belief that The Tempest is the last creation of Shakespeare. There is in The Tempest the solemn tone of a testament. Other potential candidates include William Stanley, the 6th Earl of Derby, and Christopher Marlowe, the celebrated poet and playwright who was thought to have died in a bar brawl in 1593. There is a solid body of evidence to show that a real person named William Shakespeare wrote the poems and plays attributed to him and that this very Shakespeare became an actor in the company that produced the plays. He was born in Stratford-upon-Avon in 1564, and his father's name was John Shakespeare. Image Sources: Wikimedia Commons. 1” published in 1849 in Boston. The debate goes on. This translates as “these plays, the offspring of F. Bacon, are preserved for the world.”. According to the BBC, questions over Shakespeare’s identity first arose in the 19th century, when his plays were undergoing a revival in British society. William Shakespeare Title Author Year; Venus and Adonis [But, lo! William Shakespeare 1600. Shakespeare’s works area unit noted throughout the globe, however his personal life is shrouded in mystery. Some suggest that Shakespeare was not a person at all but a group of different writers that wrote under the pen name of William Shakespeare while others say that Shakespeare was not a writer, but an actor. Shakespeare's Family An introduction to William Shakespeare's immediate family. The historical figure of William Shakespeare, however, does not fit this profile. His name is also hyphenated on many of the title pages of his collections and plays, leading many anti-Stratfordians to believe that Shakespeare was a pseudonym for the real author. Shakespeare’s biography claims that he was born in the small town of Stratford-upon-Avon where he married at 18, eventually leaving his family behind to pursue a career as an actor in London. Check out a video on some hilarious Shakespearean insults: According to History magazine, there are only six authenticated documents in which Shakespeare signed his own name, and no manuscripts that have been definitively proved to be in Shakespeare’s own handwriting. If William Shakespeare didn’t write the plays and sonnets that are attributed to his name, then who did? William Shakespeare William Shakespeare William Shakespeare William Shakespeare was born in the Hole Trinity Church in Stratford-upon-Avon in Warwickshire on April 23, 1564. In Venus and Adonis, an innocent Adonis rejects the sexual advances of Venus; while in The Rape of Lucrece, the virtuous wife Lucrece is raped by the lustful Tarquin. For example, the large number of legal references in Shakespeare’s plays points to an author with a strong legal background, such as Bacon. His signatures are barely legible, and contain multiple variant spellings of his name. The fact remains however that, “No one in Shakespeare’s lifetime or the first two hundred years after his death expressed the slightest doubt about his authorship,” Jonathan Bate wrote in the Genius of Shakespeare. Surely a man of such humble beginnings and apparently little education could not have produced so many literary masterpieces. In 1593 and 1594, when the theatres were closed because of plague, Shakespeare published two narrative poems on sexual themes, Venus and Adonis and The Rape of Lucrece. Edward de Vere, the 17th Earl of Oxford, was a keen poet and noted for his patronage of the theater. Elizabeth Woodville (1437-1492), Queen Consort of Edward IV of England. Their first child, Susanna, was born on May 26, 1583, about six months after the marriage ceremony. Despite the conspiracy theories, the evidence is solidly behind the idea that Shakespeare, in fact, wrote Shakespeare. They collected them for publication after Shakespeare died, preserving the plays. He was the first son and third child of John Shakespeare , a leather tanner and a maker of gloves, and Mary Arden Shakespeare . No original manuscripts of Shakespeare's plays are known to exist today. William Shakespeare was born on 23 April 1564 on Saint George’s Day and baptized three days later on 26 April. It is hardly surprising therefore that plenty of theories about our most famous bard and his work have arisen. Francis Bacon, the philosopher who served as both Attorney General and Lord Chancellor of London, is often cited as the mostly likely alternative author, but other candidates have proposed: two earls, Edward de Vere and William Stanely, and even Queen Elizabeth I. Is it possible that William Shakespeare was simply a pseudonym adopted by a powerful aristocratic writer who wanted to keep his identity a secret? He is then thought to have used the figure of Shakespeare to continue writing. Their argument is that in plays, often times fictional names were hyphenated. There is so little known about the real William Shakespeare. Courtesy of the National Portrait Gallery, London. Shakespeare's works include 38 plays, 2 narrative poems, 154 sonnets, and a variety of other poems. William Shakespeare, poet and playwright at the court of Queen Elizabeth I, is one of Britain’s most celebrated national figures. ^ Prescott 2010, p. 273: "'Anti-Stratfordian' is the collective name for the belief that someone other than the man from Stratford wrote the plays commonly attributed to him. Some scholars have even questioned whether he was literate at all. Some theorists have found patterns between Shakespeare’s plays and Bacon’s writings that may suggest common authorship. As a result, the vast majority of Shakespeare scholars continue to believe that he was the genuine author of these plays and poems. He (or she) must also have had intimate knowledge of the law, the royal court and aristocratic politics, in addition to being well-traveled and knowledgeable when it came to foreign affairs. Anti-Stratfordians, as they are known, also point to the mysterious lack of personal information, letters, or original manuscripts as further evidence that his identity was deliberately covered up. Most scholars accept that William Shakespeare was born in Stratford-upon-Avon, and spent time acting in London before returning to Stratford, where he lived until his death in 1616… According to tradition, the great English dramatist and poet William Shakespeare is born in Stratford-upon-Avon on April 23, 1564. In contrast, we have an abundance of documentary evidence to suggest that Shakespeare existed, that he lived in London and Stratford-upon-Avon, and that he earned his way as a playwright, actor and businessman. He studied Latin works at Stratford Grammar School, leaving at about age 15. Portrait of Sir Francis Bacon by Frans Pourbus, 1617. One of the most popular candidates, favored by 19th century theorists, was Sir Francis Bacon, a scientist and philosopher who was a contemporary of Shakespeare. Shakespeare’s sexuality has been speculated on for centuries, he was married but it’s rumored that he took on male lovers and that one of his greatest loves was indeed a male lover. The question about the real identity of ‘William Shakespeare’ — who wrote such celebrated plays as “The Merchant of Venice,” “Julius Caesar” and “A Midsummer Night’s Dream” -continues to haunt scholars with many trying to work out how a glover’s son from the countryside entered the literary world. . Although this theory was popular in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, another candidate has overtaken Bacon in popularity among anti-Stratfordians. William Shakespeare's birthdate is assumed from his baptism on April 25. For example, the obscure Latin word honorificabilitudinitatibus, which is found in Love’s Labour’s Lost is thought to be an anagram of Hi ludi F. Baconis nati tuiti orbi. I will readily believe it. Other scholars, such as Isaac Hull Platt, have even suggested that Bacon left ciphers and clues in the text of Shakespeare’s plays. The Chandos portrait of William Shakespeare, artist and authenticity unconfirmed. William Shakespeare died 400 years ago today — if he even existed. But "William Shakespeare" has none of the characteristics of a pseudonym; it was the real name of a person closely connected with the production of the plays, and there is no indication in the historical record that anybody ever suspected it of being a pseudonym or said that anybody other than William Shakespeare was the author. His signature is hotly contested by anti-Stratfordians, who point out that in the surviving six authenticated signatures, his name is spelled differently in each one. . However, since the 19th century, conspiracy theorists have been casting doubt over Shakespeare’s legacy. The notion that Shakspere was the great playwright "William Shakespeare" did not arise until 1623 seven years after (the real) Shakspere died!" Read another story from us: The Fanciful Toilet Humor of Mozart. 1. He dedicated them to Henry Wriothesley, Earl of Southampton. Here are 10 other historical figures with legitimate claims to be the real Bard of Avon. William Shakespeare's birthday is most commonly celebrated on 23 April. There’s an entire field of a study dedicated to the various conspiracy theories regarding Shakespeare’s “true” identity. He was born into a relatively low-status family in Stratford-upon-Avon, and there is no direct evidence that he ever received a proper education.
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