The high pressure area also steered incoming storms into the Gulf of Mexico.  Over the next couple of days, the system gradually intensified further in a region of favorable anticyclonic outflow, as it slowly moved west-northwest in response to a mid-level low to the southwest.  On May 2, the Cuban Institute of Meteorology (InsMet) issued their seasonal forecast, which predicted that the season would feature 13 tropical storms and 7 hurricanes. Wind shear from an upper-level low caused the hurricane to weaken back to a tropical storm, exposing the center from the convection.  The names not retired from this list were used again in the 2011 season. 2525 Correa Rd  Later on July 8, Dennis moved ashore again in Matanzas Province.  Jose killed 11 people in Veracruz and 5 in Oaxaca. On July 30, the storm transitioned into an extratropical cyclone south of Nova Scotia, and a day later it was absorbed by a larger extratropical storm near Newfoundland. Tropical Depression Ten formed between the Lesser Antilles and Cabo Verde on August 13 from a tropical wave that entered the Atlantic five days earlier. The former hurricane re-intensified over the northern Atlantic Ocean, only to weaken before passing near southern Iceland. Wilma weakened to Category 4 intensity by the time it made landfall on Cozumel on October 21. The hurricane crossed Cuba entered the Gulf of Mexico on July 9 as a weakened hurricane. On July 11, a tropical wave spawned a tropical depression east of the Lesser Antilles which quickly intensified into Tropical Storm Emily. Total damage has been estimated at $125 billion, making Katrina the costliest hurricane in U.S. history, surpassing Andrew in 1992 and tying Harvey in 2017. Three days later the storm passed west of Bermuda. Early on July 8, the hurricane briefly moved over Granma Province in southeastern Cuba. Hurricane Gert - September 19, 1999: Hurricane Gilbert September 1988: Hurricane Gilbert: Satellite Shows Life History. Here are just a few of the records it set:Most named storms: 28. Impacts from heavy rainfall, gusty winds, and tornadoes associated with Rita affected much of the lower Mississippi River Valley, and over a million electricity customers lost power. It reached a peak wind speed of 150 mph (240 km/h) by September 15 over the open central Atlantic east-northeast of the Leeward Islands. The Major Hurricanes of 2005: a Few Facts 15 Louisiana of 4–7 ft (1.2–2.1 m) in areas previously flooded by Katrina.  In May 2020, researchers at the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration and the University of Wisconsin at Madison built upon this research and, for the first time, established a statistically significant global trend toward more intense tropical cyclones, particularly in the Atlantic basin.  They also noted that the Caribbean and the entire United States coastline faced an increased risk of a major hurricane making landfall. Additionally, public assistance from FEMA totaled over $1.4 billion and grants for hazard mitigation projects exceeded $141.5 million.  Collectively, Dennis and Emily caused about US$96 million (J$6 billion) in damage to Jamaica. Delta's tropical characteristics later succumbed to wind shear and cold air, resulting in its extratropical transition on November 28 while 250 miles (400 mi) west-northwest of the western Canary Islands; as an extratropical system, Delta tracked east, passing north of the Canary Islands before moving into Morocco and Algeria on November 29, where it dissipated. It tracked west-northwest into the Bay of Campeche on July 23, where it contributed to the development of a tropical depression later that day. , Tropical Depression Six formed northeast of the Bahamas on July 21, originating from a tropical wave that exited the coast of Africa on July 10. On June 10, Arlene struck western Cuba. NHC 2005 Summaries by Month Overall, Beta caused nine fatalities and more than $15.5 million in damage across four countries. , Subtropical Storm Vince formed in the eastern Atlantic near Madeira on October 8 from the same non-tropical low that absorbed the unnamed subtropical storm.  Harvey was the earliest eighth named storm on record before being surpassed by Hurricane Hanna during the 2020 Atlantic hurricane season.  Lowered sea-level atmospheric pressures in the late spring and early summer of 2005 curtailed the strength of trade winds, resulting in a reduction of latent heat loss from the tropical Atlantic and Caribbean. The remnants of Maria brought heavy rainfall to Norway, triggering a landslide in Bergen that killed three people and injured seven others. This image provides a summary of the season, with the track of each named storm marked in black. Hurricane experts noted that establishing a conclusive relationship would be difficult given the significant role that natural variability plays on hurricane formation and significantly improved tropical cyclone detection methods compared to decades past. The CPC determined that this environmental enhancement was primarily driven by four factors: the Atlantic multidecadal oscillation, the reduction of atmospheric convection in the tropical Pacific, record-high sea surface temperatures in the tropical Atlantic and Caribbean, and conducive wind and pressure patterns across the western Caribbean and Gulf of Mexico. Weather Underground provides tracking maps, 5-day forecasts, computer models, satellite imagery and detailed storm statistics for tracking and forecasting Tropical Storm Gert Tracker.  Rita's approach to the U.S. Gulf Coast prompted one of the largest mass evacuations in the country's history, with an estimated 3.7 million people fleeing the Texas coast between Corpus Christi and Beaumont. Epsilon attained peak winds of 85 mph (140 km/h) on December 5, maintaining its intensity due to low wind shear. One person died in Jamaica, and damage was estimated at US$31.7 million.  The names Franklin, Lee, Maria, Nate, Ophelia, Philippe, Rita, Stan, Tammy, Vince and Wilma were used for the first (and only, in the cases of Rita, Stan and Wilma) time this year. On August 29 at 11:10 UTC, Katrina made landfall in southeastern Louisiana as a Category 3 hurricane, with 125 mph (200 km/h) winds, and a barometric pressure of 920 mbar (27 inHg); it was the third lowest pressure for a landfalling United States hurricane at the time, and fourth as of 2018. Hurricane Gert is the strongest July hurricane on record, reaching winds of 180 mph and pressure of 895 mbar. The disturbance eventually traveled into the western Caribbean Sea, where it organized into a tropical depression southeast of Cozumel around 12:00 UTC on October 1. , The cyclone dropped heavy rainfall, reaching at least 10.47 in (266 mm) in El Raudal, Veracruz.  Early on September 9, Nate attained peak winds of 90 mph (150 km/h) as it accelerated northeastward ahead of a trough. A day later, New Orleans mayor Ray Nagin issued the city's first-ever mandatory evacuation. , A strong tropical wave entered the eastern Atlantic on August 27. 05EA14 Operations Update No.  Emily broke the record set by Dennis for the strongest Atlantic hurricane before August. If you have trouble viewing linked files, obtain a free viewer for the file format: US Dept of Commerce  Rita generated a 15-foot (4.6 m) storm surge that devastated parts of Cameron Parish in Louisiana, destroying most structures in towns like Cameron and Holly Beach. With 28 named storms, 15 hurricanes, seven major hurricanes, and four category 5 hurricanes, the 2005 hurricane season certainly blew the records away. The season's impact was widespread and catastrophic. Tammy dropped locally heavy rainfall along its path, causing minor damage. , The storms of the season were extraordinarily damaging and were responsible for significant loss of life. Alpha was the 22nd named system in the 2005 Atlantic hurricane season, breaking the 1933 season's record, and became the first tropical storm to be named using the Greek Alphabet.  Damage in Guatemala was estimated at US$996 million. With the exception of two years in which El Niño conditions were prevalent (1997 and 2002), all hurricane seasons were individually above average. , During January 2005, TSR increased its forecast to 13.9 tropical storms, 7.8 hurricanes, 3.6 major hurricanes, and predicted that the ACE rating would be 157. Over the next two days, Arlene continued northward through the United States, dissipating over southeastern Canada on June 14. , The Gulf of Mexico saw record levels of tropical activity in 2005, with 11 named storms entering the basin. It later crossed the northeastern Yucatán Peninsula and emerged into the Gulf of Mexico, turning northeast. It was also decided that it was not practical to retire a Greek letter. , A significant storm surge flooded areas of western Cuba, leaving US$704 million in damage. On Bermuda, Harvey dropped 5.02 in (128 mm) of rainfall at Bermuda International Airport, flooding some roads. Frequent lulls in convection over the tropical Pacific also contributed to the strength of these ridges, focusing hurricane activity in the Atlantic. It was also the first season in which four major hurricanes hit the U.S.. , Three hurricanes struck Mexico – Emily, Stan, and Wilma. An approaching trough weakened Irene and caused it to accelerate northeastward. On the next day, Dennis rapidly intensified into a Category 4 hurricane while moving between Jamaica and Haiti. It also produced the second-highest accumulated cyclone energy (ACE) in the Atlantic basin, surpassed only by the 1933 season. The storm attained peak winds of 50 mph (85 km/h) as it moved through the eastern Azores, where Santa Maria Island reported sustained winds up to 40 mph (60 km/h). Arlene left mostly minor damage throughout the United States, estimated at $11.8 million. The storm moved west-northwestward, strengthening into a hurricane on July 6 to the south of Hispaniola. Epsilon lasted as a hurricane until December 7, the most for any Atlantic tropical cyclone in December.  Emily was the earliest 5th named storm before being surpassed by Tropical Storm Edouard in 2020. The increase was based on the Atlantic continuing to warm and a strong belief that El Niño conditions would not persist into the hurricane season. In Miami Beach, Florida, a student died when she was caught in a rip current. Continuing across the Caribbean Sea, Emily eventually strengthened into a Category 5 hurricane on July 16 to the southwest of Jamaica, reaching peak winds of 160 mph (260 km/h). Additionally, Rita had earlier produced a storm surge in the Florida Keys of 4–5 ft (1.2–1.5 m) in some areas. This amplified the African easterly jet and enhanced upper-level easterlies, attenuating wind shear detrimental to tropical cyclogenesis across the central tropical Atlantic and the Caribbean. It is uncertain whether the remnants of Gamma absorbed the low pressure system or vice versa. The season caused over $100 billion in property The 2005 Atlantic hurricane season was the time from June 1 to November 30, 2005 when hurricanes officially formed in the Atlantic Ocean.