Steud. Rice straw is used for weaving, paper production, and construction of grain storage structures, ropes, packaging materials, and bags. Some of these cultivars are starchy and are more suited to use in cakes, soups, pastry, breakfast foods etc[46 ]. Within these divisions, the varieties are further defined by whether they have short, medium or long grains[46 ]. We are currently updating this section. The rhizome is taken internally in the treatment of night sweats, especially in cases of tuberculosis and chronic pneumonia[238 ]. Japonica Rice (Oryza sativa Japonica) is the staple food for 2.5 billion people. A special thanks to Ken Fern for some of the information used on this page. Oryza aristata Blanco (1837) Oryza glutinosa Lour. Shade: F = full shade S = semi-shade N = no shade. Pres. 2. Oryza sativa is a ANNUAL growing to 1.8 m (6ft) by 0.3 m (1ft in) at a fast rate. Harvested seedheads, being dried prior to threshing â¦ Oryza montana Lour. Please donate to support our âPlants to Save the Planetâ Project. Pl. The rhizomes are harvested at the end of the growing season and dried for use in decoctions[238 ]. Kerala Grasses 433. Common name - rice; Family - Poaceae or Gramineae Subfamily - Bambusoideae or Ehrhartoideae Tribe - Oryzeae; Genus - Oryza Species - Oryza sativa *2005 World Production - 683,255,476 Mt *2005 World Harvest - 153,546,398 Ha **Genome size - 415-460 Mb; Chromosome number - 12; 2n = 24; Photosynthetic pathway - C3 : Photo by Molly Fogleman * Data obtained from FAOSTAT 2006 â¦ For more information about QR Codes click here. indica: Taxonomy navigation âº Oryza sativa. 1896; Gamble, Fl. All structured data from the file and property namespaces is available under the Creative Commons CC0 License; all unstructured text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. Copy and print the QR code to a plant label, poster, book, website, magazines, newspaper etc and even t-shirts. var s = '' Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so itâs worth checking. * Updates on new information & functionality of the website & database It includes the major food crop rice (species Oryza sativa and Oryza glaberrima ). Kasaragod Div. To leave a comment please Register or login here All comments need to be approved so will not appear immediately. Calicut 351. Rest of the world:widespread in North and South America. It has two major subspecies - japonica (sticky and short-grained) and indica (non sticky and long-grained). Oryza glutinosa Lour. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.Rice is a nutritive, soothing, tonic herb that is diuretic, reduces lactation, improves digestion and controls sweating[238 ]. An oil is obtained from the seed[418 ]. Oryctolagus cuniculus; oscillator; Look at other dictionaries: Oryza sativa â â¦ India 7: 92. 1990; Sreek. Click on an acronym to view each weed list, or click here for â¦ Plant Molecular Biology Reporter, 2010, 28(1): 49. http://192.168.118.79:9052/index.php?title=Oryza_sativa&oldid=8739, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Heterogeneous nuclear ribonucleoprotein 27C, Variation of developmental and environmental conditions, Variation of developmental & environmental conditions. Rice starch is also used in cosmetics, textiles, and laundering starch. These can be grouped into two main forms:- Lowland - this is grown in land that is flooded during the growing season[46 ]. Takeoka used the name O. barthii for O. longistaminata, but that name now refers to the annual wild rice species of West Africa. We are working on a subset of plants in the PFAF database identified as having the most potential for inclusion in such designs. sowie zum Selbstunterrichte. 333. Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Bloom Color: Cream/Tan. In addition to its agronomic importance, rice is an important model species for monocot plants and cereals such as maize, wheat, barley and sorghum. Oryza sativa or commonly known as rice is an erect grass growing about 30 - 180 cm tall, depending on the variety. It has been cultivated since ancient times and remain to be one of the most commonly cultivated food crops in the world. Moisture: D = dry M = Moist We = wet Wa = water. Cited by 15 (Based on Google Scholar [2017-09-01]), Cited by 6 (Based on Google Scholar [2017-09-01]), Cited by 99 (Based on Google Scholar [2017-09-01]). Rice also has medicinal uses. The grain husks are used as a fuel; as an addition to concrete; for making hardboard; and as an abrasive[418 ]. Oryza sativa or commonly known as rice is an erect grass growing about 30 - 180 cm tall, depending on the variety. Madras 1844(1276). This page was last edited on 7 September 2018, at 22:08. (1790) International Common Names. * Important announcements and news Oryza sativa L. is an accepted name This name is the accepted name of a species in the genus Oryza (family Poaceae). Validation of candidate reference genes for the accurate normalization of real-time quantitative RT-PCR data in rice during seed development[J]. Common name(s): Asian Rice; Synonyme(s): N/A; Family: Poaceae; Origin: is cultivated in tropical and subtropical regions. OilOther Uses Although grown mainly for food, rice starch it is also used in cosmetics, laundering starch, and textiles[418 ]. It is an essential accompaniment for curries and Far Eastern dishes, it is used in European dishes such as paella and risotto, whilst it is also used in sweet dishes such as rice pudding[238 ]. Rhizome, on the other hand, is taken internally as treatment for night sweats, tuberculosis, and chronic pneumonia. Oryza sativa. We are working on a subset of plants in the PFAF database identified as having the most potential for inclusion in such designs. For a list of references used on this page please go here Oryza sativais an ancient crop domesticated ca 9000 years ago and plays significant roles as a staple food that feeds almost half of the world's population. You can unsubscribe at anytime. Excessive lactation, poor appetite, and indigestion can be treated using the seeds. 1934; Manilal & Sivar., Fl. Public domain. (8) Japonica varieties are usually cultivated in dry fields (it is cultivated mainly submerged in Japan), in temperate East Asia, upland areas of Southeast Asia, and high elevations in South Asia, while indica varieties are mainly lowland rices, grown mostly submerged, throughout tropical Asia. Flowering Time: Late Summer/Early Fall. Most provide delicious and nutritious fruit, but many also have edible leaves, seeds, flowers, stems or roots, or they yield edible or useful oil. Cortaderia selloana. Seedhead Photograph by: Gary Kramer, USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service. This page was last modified on 1 September 2017, at 07:13. Book titles include Edible Plants, Edible Perennials, Edible Trees, and Woodland Gardening. There are many cultivar groups of Oryza sativa of which the two most important are O. sativa 'Indica' and O. sativa 'Japonica'. The former is usually cultivated in dry fields and upland areas while the latter is mainly cultivated in the lowland areas and submerged, throughout tropical Asia. 2004. Growth: S = slow M = medium F = fast. Rice straw is also used for making and repairing thatched houses in Bangladesh, Nepal and India. Hakonechloa macra. pH: A = acid N = neutral B = basic (alkaline). Rice can be grown in the moist tropics and subtropics, succeeding at elevations up to 2,500 metres. You can change the display of the base map and layers by clicking on the layer control box in the upper right-hand corner. The record derives from WCSP (data supplied on 2012-03-23) which reports it as an accepted name (record 426698) with original publication details: Sp. * Please note: the comments by website users are not necessarily those held by PFAF and may give misleading or inaccurate information. Indica rice cooks fluffy, dry and separate, and the grain is usually more slender than that of japonica rice. 470. It is mostly grown in the tropics and subtropics. We will not sell or share your email address. Oryza sativa, le riz asiatique, est une espèce de plantes monocotylédones de la famille des Poaceae, sous-famille des Oryzoideae, originaire des régions tropicales d'Asie. (45-60 cm). Acta Biochim Biophys Sin, 2014, 46(4): 305-312. The seeds, or the germinated seeds, are taken to treat excessive lactation[238 ]. 2. Ji Y, Tu P, Wang K, et al. ?ulama, thavidu, upland rice, vadlu, vrihi, wa, ya, yam, sali (fruit), sali (root). The seeds are cooked, either by boiling or steaming. Indoryza A.N.Henry & B.Roy. If you have questions about a plant please use the Forum on this website as we do not have the resources to answer questions ourselves. Geographic subdivisions for Oryza sativa: GV : MAP CONTROLS 1. It is used in cooking and as a salad oil[418 ]. rice. It is also used as a fuel in Vietnam[418 ]. It is used for construction of grain storage structures, ropes, packaging material and bags in India[418 ]. Depending upon variety, rice can mature a crop of seed in anything from 60 - 200 days[418 ]. All plant pages have their own unique code. 582. Oryza sativa: translation. It is also used as thatching material or as fuel. Right plant wrong place. 477. elongata Desv. It is the staple food for all classes, particularly in Southeast Asia. Upland - this form does not require submersion by water[46 ]. The seeds are taken internally in the treatment of urinary dysfunction[238 ]. Asia:Japan and Korea. Oryza sativa. rubribarbis Desv. The grain can also be popped like popcorn to make a breakfast cereal[238 ]. (1790) Oryza montana Lour. More >>>. (1790) Oryza praecox Lour. Common names U.S. name: rice English name: upland rice Spanish name: arroz French name: riz ... Oryza sativa Picture modified from Thomé, Otto Wilhelm - Lehrbuch der Botanik fur Gymnasien, Realschulen, forst- und landwirthschaftliche Lehranstalten, pharmaceutische Institute etc. 1991; Joseph, Aquatic â¦ Members of the genus grow as tall, wetland grasses, growing to 1â2 m tall; the genus includes both annual and perennial species. If you think a comment/link or information contained on this page is inaccurate or misleading we would welcome your feedback at email@example.com. An oil is obtained from the seed[418 ]. There are many named varieties that have been developed to suit a wide diversity of climates and soil types[200 ]. IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status : This taxon has not yet been assessed. This plant can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. You will receive a range of benefits including: Brit. Oryza sativa var. We are adding search terms and icons to those plants pages, and providing a range of search options aligned to categories of plants and crop yields, with Help facilities including videos. f., Fl. 1753. The grains are often cooked with herbs to make a medicinal gruel[238 ]. Nomenclature and Classification > Taxon Record Name > Scientific Name. Oryza rubribarbis (Desv.) It grows best in areas where annual daytime temperatures are within the range 20 - 30Â°c, but can tolerate 10 - 36Â°c[418 ]. Oryza sativa is a major and important crop of Asia, especially ... hence prompting this gene familyâs name. They have been selected to provide a mix of different plant sizes and growing conditions. Smartphone users quickly have information on a plant directly for the pfaf.org website on their phone. Auflage. There are many different cultivars of each form. If available other names are mentioned here. indica and japonica) to abiotic stress conditions[J]. Common Name: Rice. Long grained forms usually have the highest value, though short-grained forms are preferred in many countries[46 ]. In China, India, Indonesia and Pakistan rice straw is used in the production of paper[418 ]. Growth ceases below 10Â°c and plants have no tolerance to frost[418 ]. It was cultivated by 2,000 years ago in Babylon and the Middle East, and spread to the Europe during medieval times. A heavy crop of seeds, ready for harvest Photograph by: IRRI Images. 1753; Hook. Africa, Angola, Asia, Australia, Bangladesh, Benin, Bhutan, Brazil, Brunei, Burkina Faso, Burma, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Central Africa, Central African Republic, Central America, Chad, China, Colombia, Comoros, Congo DR, Congo R, Costa Rica, CÃ´te d'Ivoire, Cuba, Dominican Republic, East Africa, East Timor, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Equatorial-Guinea, Ethiopia, Fiji, French Guiana, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, GuinÃ©e, Guinea-Bissau, Guyana, Haiti, India, Indochina, Indonesia, Iraq, Italy, Ivory Coast, Jamaica, Japan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Korea, Laos, Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaysia, Mali, Mauritania, Mauritius, Morocco, Mozambique, Myanmar, Nepal, Nicaragua, Niger, Nigeria, North Africa, North America, Northeastern India, Pacific, Pakistan, Papua New Guinea, PNG, Peru, Philippines, Puerto Rico, Rwanda, SE Asia, Senegal, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Solomon Islands, Somalia, South Africa, Southern Africa, South America, South Sudan, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Suriname, Swaziland, Syria, Taiwan, Tajikistan, Tanzania, Thailand, Timor-Leste, Togo, Uganda, USA, Uzbekistan, Vanuatu, Venezuela, Vietnam, West Africa, West Indies, Zambia, Zimbabwe. This QR Code is unique to this page. Oryza palustris Salisb. Rice occurs in a variety of colors, including white, brown, black, purple, and red râ¦ Spacing: 18-24 in. Other cultivars have a sweeter, glutinous texture, these are used for special purposes such as sweetmeats[46 ]. Species Oryza sativa L. â rice P Enter a scientific or common name at any rank. Only comments or links that are felt to be directly relevant to a plant will be included. Oryza sativa var. Oryza sativa L., Sp. The seed also yields oil which can be used in cooking or as a salad oil. More infos: N/A; Related plants: Chasmanthium latifolium. Dictionary of molecular biology. fatua Prain : Oryza elongata (Desv.) rice; Other Scientific Names. 1985; Vajr., Fl. Genetic code: Translation table 1 (Standard) Mitochondrial genetic code: Translation table 1 (Standard) Plastid â¦ Maksup S, Supaibulwatana K, Selvaraj G. High-quality reference genes for quantifying the transcriptional responses of Oryza sativa L.(ssp. Scientific name i: Oryza sativa subsp. Pl. NCBI BLAST name: monocots. It is diuretic and used to treat urinary dysfunctions. Green Spelt. Palghat Dist. It is the staple food for all classes, particularly in Southeast Asia. 3. It is the grain with the second highest worldwide production after Zea mays. AVH is a collaborative project of the state, Commonwealth and territory herbaria, developed under the auspices of the Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria (CHAH), representing the major Australian collections. Stay informed about PFAFs progress, challenges and hopes by signing up for our free email ePost. It can colonise inundated meadows to form a blanket cover[332 ]. Common Name(s): rice : Taxonomic Status: Current Standing: accepted Data Quality Indicators: Record Credibility Rating: verified - standards met Scientific Name: Oryza sativa: Origin: Rice is domesticated in India and brought to China by 3,000 B.C. Cette espèce, domestiquée il y a environ 10 000 ans, est avec le riz africain (oryza glaberrima) l'une des deux espèces cultivées du genre Oryza qui compte 19 espèces acceptées. 1984; Ansari, Fl. Common Name English view: view: ORYZA PERENNIS WHOLE: Systematic Name English view: view: ORYZA PUMILA WHOLE ... 00c598cb-e103-a14a-dc25-d19104a26c0c) is a possible duplicate [YW8K2QSC5N]RECOMBINANT HUMAN SERUM ALBUMIN ORYZA SATIVA WHOLE: view: Created : Fri Nov 13 07:45:35 EST 2020: Created By : admin: Last Edited : Fri Nov 13 07:45:35 EST 2020 : â¦ Found at elevations up to 1,800 metres[299 ]. Type a value in the Celsius field to convert the value to Fahrenheit: Plants For A Future have a number of books available in paperback and digital form. (1 May 1753) Type-Protologue Locality: Habitat forte in â¦ Oryza sativa var. Oryza communissima Lour. Common Name: Perennial wild rice: Family: Poaceae: USDA hardiness: 10-12: Known Hazards: None known: Habitats : Swamps, shallow ponds, lake and river sides, field edges and flooded grassland, in both permanently wet and seasonally inundated areas[332 , 1040 ]. Files are available under licenses specified on their description page. 1. document.write(s); This is a QR code (short for Quick Response) which gives fast-track access to our website pages. Smartphone users scan the QR Code which automatically takes them to the webpage the QR Code came from. : agroecosystems of perennial plants, to choose the most appropriate plants for their requirements and site conditions. We are adding search terms and icons to those plants pages, and providing a range of search options aligned to categories of plants and crop yields, with Help facilities including videos. Published In: Species Plantarum 1: 333. Oryza sativa has two types, indica and japonica, which account for almost all global rice production. QR Codes are barcodes that can be read by mobile phone (smartphone) cameras. Seedhead Photograph by: Gary Kramer, USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service. It is used for soap manufacture and it is made into a plastic packaging material[418 ]. â¦ * Exclusive content not on the website Oryza sativa L. Details; Images (21) Synonyms (36) References (74) Subordinate Taxa; Specimens; Distributions (252) Chromosome Counts (30) Ethnobotany (1) Group: Monocot Rank: species Kind: Name of a new Taxon Herbarium Placement: Lehmann, lower, A, 19 Authors: Linnaeus, Carl von. South and Southeast Asia:Bangladesh, India, Indonesia, Malaysia, Pakistan, Philippines, and Vietnam. Rank: species. The report will display the kingdom and all descendants leading down to the name you choose. Oryza is a genus of plants in the grass family. Our new book to be released soon is Edible Shrubs. Oryza sativa contains two major subspecies: the sticky, short-grained japonica or sinica variety, and the nonsticky, long-grained indica rice [ja] variety. It has been cultivated since ancient times and remain to be one of the most commonly cultivated food crops in the world. It is usually either boiled or steamed and can be eaten in a wide variety of both savoury and sweet dishes[238 ]. Echinochloa crus-galli. Rice, Common Rice, Akki, Ari, Arisi, Arroz, Arus, Ba, Bak, Beras, Bhat, Bhatta, Biring, Biyyamu, Byeo, Chahai, Chal, Chaval, Chawal, Choka, Dangar, Dao, Dhan, Dhanya, Kao chow, Kao nyo, Kao, Kome, Mo, Nasi, Nellu, Nivara, Padi, Pari, Raisi, Reis, Riso, Riz, Schinkafa, Syali, Tandula, Re raiti, Vadlu, Varidhanyamu, Vrihi, akkiege, amidon de riz, amylum oryzae, ari, arishi, arisi, arroz, arshee, asian, rice, aval, bhata, chamul, bhatta, bhatto, biranj, brown rice, bras, buru, calav cha, chanval, chaval, chavel, chawl, chho, chhosan, chokha, chorya, coke, corava, damgara, dao, daoya, dha, dhan, dhana, dhanarmul, dhanyamu, dhanya, fructus oryzae germinatus, ine, jhona, jo, lhma, lowland rice, mi-tong-kar-la, mlda, nellu, nelver, nivara, odalu, oryzae amylum, oryzae fructus, oryzae fructus germinatus, oryzae radix, oryzae semen, paddy, paddy plant, padi, rais, reis, ri, rice, rice starch, rice-grain sprout, rice|wee, ris, riso, riz, rozz, sali, sali bhat, shali, shalichokha, sun, tandul, tandulamul, ta? Quilon Dist. Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available. Oryza pra. Li Q F, Sun S S M, Yuan D Y, et al. Asian rice (Oryza sativa) is an extremely useful plant found in countless dishes, medicines, cosmetics, and crafts. (1872) - Permission granted to use under GFDL by Kurt Stueber. Rice. The Project is directed at enabling designers of âcarbon farmsâ and âfood forestsâ: agroecosystems of perennial plants, to choose the most appropriate plants for their requirements and site conditions. Oryza sativa L. Preferred Common Name. Defining reference genes for quantitative real-time PCR analysis of anther development in rice[J]. Dactylis glomerata. Chinese Science Bulletin, 2013, 58(16): 1919-1930. Sequence analysis of OsGRF1 homologs highlighted two highly conserved protein domains: the QLQ (Gln, Leu, Gln), involved in proteinâprotein interactions, and the WRC (Trp, Arg, Cys), containing a putative nuclear localization signal and a DNA-binding domain (Figure 17.1 A and C). 1982; Mohanan, Fl. According to a review of Oryza species by Takeoka (1962), O. rufipogon is considered to be a progenitor of O. sativa, and together with O. longistaminata and O. sativa forms the O. sativa complex. Oryza sativa L. Genbank common name: rice. Nair, Fl. 333 1753. The Australasian Virtual Herbarium (AVH) is an online resource that provides immediate access to the wealth of plant specimen information held by Australian herbaria. & V.J. Elle compte des milliers de cultivars généralement groupés en deux sous-espèces , ou grouâ¦ Steud. Young plants in a paddy field Photograph by: Miya. Soil: L = light (sandy) M = medium H = heavy (clay). Public domain. Rice straw is used for weaving into hats, shoes etc[46 , 272 ]. Cortaderia selloana âGold Bandâ Cortaderia selloana cv. - In Ayurveda, Njavara (Oryza sativa) is widely used as health food and in treatment of rheumatoid arthritis, paralysis, neurodegenerative diseases, and in rejuvenation therapy. Requires a wet to inundated soil and a position in full sun[238 ]. English: paddy; Spanish: arroz; French: riz; Portuguese: arroz comum; Local Common Names Indica is the dominant type, estimated to account for more than 80% of global rice production. If you have important information about this plant that may help other users please add a comment or link below. Edible Shrubs provides detailed information, attractively presented, on over 70 shrub species. Edible Parts: Oil SeedEdible Uses: OilSeed - cooked. Oryza sativa. Prefers a pH in the range 5.5 - 7, tolerating 4.5 - 9[418 ]. The germinated seeds are used to treat poor appetite, indigestion abdominal discomfort and bloating[238 ]. It prefers a mean annual rainfall in the range 1,500 - 2,000mm, but tolerates 1,000 - 4,000mm[418 ]. The oil can also be used for soap making or made into a plastic packaging material. Oryza sativa. Preferred Scientific Name.